ITM Fill in the Blank Ch. 13

document object model
The __________ defines every item on a Web page-including graphics, tables, and headers-as an object.
JavaScript
__________ is the most popular embedded language used in dynamic HTML files.
common gateway interface
The __________ provides a methodology by which your browser can request that a program file be executed (run) instead of just being delivered to the browser.
Transport Layer Security
HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) uses two network security protocols: Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and __________ .
optical carrier
In the phrase “OC line,” OC stands for __________ .
IP
A(n) __________ address is a unique identification number that defines each computer, service, or other device that connects to the Internet.
octet
In an IP address, the four numbers in the dotted decimal notation are each referred to as a(n) __________ .
AJAX
__________ is a group of technologies that helps the creation of Web applications that can update information on the page without requiring a page refresh or leaving the page.
packets
Packet switching is the communications methodology where data is broken into __________ that are sent over various routes at the same time.
dynamic
When using __________ addressing, your computer is assigned an address from an available pool of IP addresses.
network prefix
CIDR allows a single IP address to represent several unique IP addresses by adding a(n) __________ to the end of the last octet.
hexadecimal
IPv6 uses eight groups of 16-bit numbers, referred to as __________ notation.
handshaking
The process of two computers setting up the parameters of a data exchange session prior to sending packets that contain data is referred to as __________ .
Connection-oriented
__________ protocols require two computers to exchange control packets that set up the parameters of data exchange prior to sending packets that contain data.
Connectionless
__________ protocols do not require that any type of connection be established or maintained between two computers that are exchanging data.
UDP
Packets sent by the IP protocol are created by either TCP or __________ .
User Datagram Protocol
__________ prepares data for transmission and lacks resending capabilities.
positive acknowledgement
ACK refers to a(n) __________ that is sent when a data packet is received.
negative acknowledgement
NAK refers to a(n) __________ that is sent when a data packet is unreadable.
three-way
TCP uses a process called a(n) __________ handshake to establish a connection between two computers.
MathML
__________ is an XML-based markup language used to describe mathematical symbols and formulas so that they can be presented in a familiar way in Web documents.
GraphML
__________ is an XML-based format for creating graphs.
Wireless Markup Language
__________ uses XML to output Web resources on mobile devices.
Dynamic HyperText Markup Language
DHTML stands for __________
header
In HTML/XHTML, the

tag declares an area of content as a(n) __________ .

Dynamic HTML
__________ is a combination of HTML/XHTML, cascading style sheets, and JavaScript.
applet
A(n) __________ is a small program that resides on a server designed to be run from within another application.
Circuit switching
__________ is a method of communication in which a dedicated connection is formed between two points (such as two people on telephones) and the connection remains active for the duration of the transmission.
backbone
The Internet __________ is the main pathway of high-speed communication lines over which all Internet traffic flows.
instant messaging
AOL Instant Messenger, Yahoo! Messenger, and Windows Live Messenger are examples of popular __________ services.
TCP/IP
The main suite of protocols used on the Internet is __________ .
dotted decimal number
When an IP address is expressed as 127.0.0.1, it is called a(n) __________ .
IPv6
The __________ addressing scheme uses hexadecimal notation to provide a virtually unlimited supply of IP addresses.
IPv6
The IPv4 protocol is beginning to be replaced by the __________ protocol.
DNS server
A(n) __________ links a URL with an IP address when a Web page is requested.