JRL 101 Exam 4

What’s the definition of cyberspace?
The notional environment in which communication over computer networks occurs
Why was the show I Love Lucy considered controversial when it first came out?
Interracial marriage
What year did all U.S. television broadcasting become digital?
2009
What’s the purpose of the so-called V-Chip?
Parents blocking certain channels
Who is Jorge Ramos and which show on Univision does he host?
The latino anchor of Noticiero Univision, who was not afraid to ask questions or pull punches
What are Spanish-language television soap operas primarily called?
Telenovelas
“Users should be able to link any document at anywhere in the world” was a principle upon which the Web was based on, but who was the man behind it?
Tim Berners-Lee in 1989
Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf are known for developing what?
HTTP and Internet Protocol, the “rules” of the internet
Individual stations became cautious about broadcasting serious programs that contained nudity, violence, or harsh language, because of what 2004 Super Bowl event?
Janet Jackson had a wardrobe malfunction (see here: nip slip)
Name three media outlets that could be considered a “click and mortar” media outlet.
NY Times, USA Today, Washington Post
The World Wide Web became the standard for posting documents on the Internet because the creator did what?
Gave the software away for free
“It’s the first prime-time network series in four decades to be led by an African American woman”. What show is this?
Scandal
What cyberpunk author has expressed concern over that people will get such specialized news through online filters that they will be isolated from news they need?
William Gibson
What’s the definition of packet switching?
Wi-fi, telephone lines, cable
What’s the fifth highest rated television network in the United States?
Univision
“They have lost one third of all their viewers to cable, syndicated programming, and independent stations”. Who are these Big Three television networks?
ABC, CBS, NBC
Name three technological ways people connect to the Internet.
Wifi, cable, telephone line
What factors are behind the fact that our definition of what broadcasting is has changed?
Digital downloads, streaming content, DVDs
What is the biggest advantage of distributing a movie over the Internet instead of in theatres in terms of cost?
The cost is lower (EX: Blair Witch)
What is the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967?
Network-like programming provided to member stations
What major company is known for doing television rating in the United States?
Neilsen
What movie revolutionized Internet-based promotion of films?
Blair Witch Project
What percentage of the world’s population has access to the Internet?
40%
What percentage of United States’ population has access to the Internet?
87%
What show made PBS attract its first significant audiences?
Sesame Street
Name three ways audience members can interact with cable and broadcast television?
Download, stream, buy on DVD, or vote
What was broadcast networks’ initial response to HBO going on air in 1975?
Ignored
“They can be punished if they are critical of the government” is applicable to bloggers of what country of 1.3 billion citizens?
China
What was the ARPAnet?
Wanted to allow computer communication for transfer of information
What was Twitter’s big innovation?
“What are you doing?” Various device connections
What Web browser was the first one to be able to handle graphics?
Mosaic
What will the next-generation Internet be used primarily for?
Downloading
What’s the purpose of “cookies” on a website?
They “watch” the user
What’s the purpose of network affiliates?
Allow publishers and merchants to work together
“They are the channels you pay extra for and that do not carry commercials” are what sort of channels? Give two examples.
HBO, Showtime
Who invented the basic technology for television?
Philo T. Farnsworth
Why are television networks now showing more diverse programming than before?
Larger audiences to advertise for, which in turn means more cash money $$$
Why could video games be considered a new mass medium?
Let people collaborate, stream, and watch others
Why do critics worry that television has strong influence on young people? Give three examples.
Why was the conversion from analog to digital television broadcasting delayed by several months in 2009?