M03 Reading Q Ch 3

System software consists of ____.
the operating system & utility programs that control a computer
The operating system is loaded into memory during the ____ process.
boot
Without a(n) ____, a computer cannot function.
operating system
The means by which you interact with any program on a computer is called the user ____.
interface
The core of the computer’s operating system is called the ____.
kernel
Small programs called ____ are used to communicate with peripheral devices such as monitors, printers, and keyboards.
drivers
On a computer with two or more CPUs, ____ is a technique in which each processor or core works on a different job.
multiprocessing
____ uses a portion of a computer’s hard drive as additional RAM.
Virtual memory
The process of placing items in a ____ so they can be retrieved by the appropriate device when needed is called ____.
buffer, spooling
Most operating systems today primarily use a ____.
GUI
Operating systems used with personal computers are typically referred to as ____ operating systems.
desktop
In the 1980s, ____ was the dominant operating system for personal computers.
DOS
The accompanying figure shows a(n) ____.
command-line interface
In the accompanying figure, the command to change to a new drive is shown in box ____.
B G:
The latest version of the Windows operating system is ____.
Windows 8
Mac OS is based on the ____ operating system.
UNIX
____ set the original standard for graphical user interfaces.
Mac OS
Of the following, the ____ operating system was developed the earliest.
UNIX
Linux was released to the public as ____.
open source software
All of the following typically use the same operating systems as desktop computers EXCEPT ____.
mobile phones
____ is an open-platform mobile operating system.
Android
A(n) ____ is a software program that performs a specific task, usually related to managing or maintaining the computer system.
utility program
____ programs reduce the size of files so they take up less storage space.
File compression
AIX and UNICOS are ____.
versions of UNIX tailored for mainframes and supercomputers
____ software includes any software that is developed and sold for a profit.
Commercial
____ is a benefit of open source software.
Increased stability
____ programs are distributed on the honor system.
Shareware
____ software is not copyrighted.
Public domain
When a software program is purchased, ____.
the buyer acquires a software license specifying the terms of use
Mobile software is almost always ____.
downloaded from an app store
Sometimes, related software programs are sold bundled together as a(n) ____.
software suite
A(n) ____ is a group of values and other data organized into rows and columns.
spreadsheet
The term DBMS is related to ____ software.
database
The images in the accompanying figure were most likely created by ____.
Microsoft PowerPoint
____ images are created by coloring the individual pixels in an image.
Bitmap
You would most likely create vector images using a drawing program like ____.
CorelDRAW
DVD ____ refers to recording data onto a recordable or rewritable DVD.
burning
Encyclopedias, dictionaries, and atlases are examples of ____ software.
reference
CAD stands for ____.
computer-aided design
____ software enables a group of individuals to work together on a project.
Collaboration
____ is a term for software that is run directly from the Internet.
SaaS
Slingbox is an example of ____ software.
remote access
Case 3-1
You are studying the history of various operating systems.

The earliest operating system mentioned in this chapter is ____.

UNIX
Case 3-1
You are studying the history of various operating systems.

Your uncle talks about the Windows operating environment. He is most likely referring to his experience in using ____.

Windows 3.1
Case 3-1
You are studying the history of various operating systems.

You are working in a Command Prompt window to perform some tasks. You are most likely using remnants of the ____ operating system.

DOS
Case 3-1
You are studying the history of various operating systems.

Your new cell phone is least likely to have an operating system based directly on ____.

UNIX
Case 3-1
You are studying the history of various operating systems.

You are looking for a computer system that can serve as a central storage location for all your home electronic devices—your computers, gaming consoles, media players, music library, etc. You’re most likely to be interested in a system running ____.

Windows Home Server
Case 3-2
You are in the market for various kinds of application software.

You want a program that can use formulas to perform calculations, and organize numbers and values into rows and columns. You most likely want ____.

a spreadsheet program
Case 3-2
You are in the market for various kinds of application software.

You have moved beyond simple painting programs and are ready for high-powered image editing software. You most likely would choose ____.

Adobe Photoshop
Case 3-2
You are in the market for various kinds of application software.

Your business has a growing client base as well as a growing inventory. You need to keep track of a good deal of information and be able to search for information quickly, so you decide to invest in ____.

database software
Case 3-2
You are in the market for various kinds of application software.

You want to publish some really eye-catching documents. You don’t have the resources to hire a professional printer, but you want your work to look like you did. You are most likely to buy ____.

Adobe InDesign
Case 3-2
You are in the market for various kinds of application software.

Lastly, you need a specialized program to help you track your personal expenses, balance your checking accounts, and write checks. You were looking at buying ____, but you realized that much of what you need is already available via online banking with your local bank.

personal finance software