Mass Comm Chapter 2

The Internet was originally created to transport messages more rapidly for an increasingly sedentary and isolated population.
False
The Internet originated as a military and government project.
True
ARPAnet is a browser.
True
The Internet is a hierarchically structured and centralized network.
True
The Internet is owned and operated by the federal government, which has the power to shut it down when necessary.
False
Computer engineer Ray Tomlinson established the “login [email protected] computer” convention for e-mail addresses.
True
The introduction of microprocessors, miniature circuits made of silicon, made personal computers possible.
True
HTML stands for “hypertext markup language.”
True
Netscape overtook Internet Explorer as the most popular Web browser in the late 1990s.
True
In the 1990s, AOL was the top Internet service provider in the United States.
True
E-mail was one of the earliest services of the Internet.
True
By 2012, Bing had more than 66 percent of the search engine market share.
False
Flickr is an online content community for sharing videos.
True
Google+ is a social networking site that is designed to compete with Facebook.
True
Facebook is the most popular social media site on the Internet.
True
The BlackBerry was the first popular Internet-capable smartphone in the United States.
True
Apple sells more than 25 million tablets each year.
True
MMORPG stands for “massively multiplayer online role-playing game.”
True
The 1996 Telecommunications Act encouraged mergers and joint ventures among phone companies and cable operators.
True
Google is a subsidiary of YouTube.
False
Amazon is the world’s largest e-commerce store
True
Facebook uses profile information to deliver targeted and personalized ads to its users.
True
“Cookies” are files that allow a Web site owner to chart the computer user ís movements within the Web site and collect other information about the user.
True
Most Web sites follow an “opt-in” data policy when collecting information from online consumers.
False
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that efforts to ban indecent and obscene material on the Web through the Communications Decency Act of 1996 were unconstitutional.
True
The Children’s Internet Protection Act of 2000 requires schools and libraries that receive federal funds for Internet access to filter out pornographic Web sites.
True
Linux is an example of open-source software.
True