midterm 110 total

Color also evokes an emotional response, in which certain colors are associated with
particular feelings or concepts, such as the color ____ for assertive, powerful, sexy, and dangerous
red
Two child elements that share the same parent are referred to as ______ elements.
sibling
The amount of space between words is called ____.
tracking
Case 3-1
Art’s Woodworking Shop is trying to design a Web page with CSS. Art would like create the new design based on the latest elements and styles from HTML and CSS. He has created a few sample pages:
home.htm —describes the business and contact information
Product.htm —list of product descriptions
Custom.htm —list of custom products

The design applied to a Web site is usually a combination of several style sheets. Art has submitted three Web pages with style sheets. Art needs to remember the ____style sheet interpreted by the browser is the one built in to the browser itself.

first
A typeface in which a small ornamentation appears at the tail end of each
character is _____.
serif
If two style rules have equal specificity, and thus equal importance, then the one that is defined _____ in the style sheet is the one used.
last
____ units express font size relative to the size of other objects within the Web page.
relative
Adding all three primary colors-red, green and blue-at maximum intensity produces the color _____, while adding any two of the three primary colors at maximum intensity produces the trio of complementary colors—yellow, magenta, and cyan.
white
Many Web browsers now include _______ tools to allow page designers to
track each style back to its source.
developer
Extending the first line of text to the left of the text block creates a ____ indent.
hanging
According to the text, which version of XHTML has yet to be released?
5.0
The doctype is used by ______, which are programs that examine document code to ensure that it meets all the syntax requirements of the specified language.
validators
Case-Based Critical Thinking Questions

Case 1-1
Lucy wants to develop a Web page to display her information. She wants to just start with a basic page that lists her accomplishments, her work history, and the different computer classes she has taken. She would like each section clearly identified.

Lucy’s page will require at least ____ headings for what she wants to display.

3
A host that provides storage space for saving and retrieving files is called a _______.
file server
______ includes the blank spaces, tabs, and line breaks found within the file.
white space
A Web ____ makes a page available to users of the Web.
server
If an element contains text or another element, it is marked using a ______tag set in which an opening tag and a closing tag enclose the element content.
two-sided
The document ______ is not displayed within the page, but is usually display in a browser’s title bar or on a browser tab.
title
Case-Based Critical Thinking Questions

Case 1-2
Ted is asked to create a page of family photos for his family reunion Web site. He will have about 20 pictures to post, with a caption that he wants to display before each one. Each picture is a group photo of a particular family.

Which tag will Ted need to use to display the pictures?

image
A ____ defines the size of the page and its elements as a percentage of the screen width, meaning that a Web page and its elements are wider on a wider screen.
fluid layout
To apply the styles to every element nested within the body element, the style rule uses a(n) ____ selector.
asterisk
A popular design element is the ____, which consists of an enlarged initial letter in a body of text that drops down into the text body.
drop cap
If images overlap, the ____ images listed appear on top of subsequent images.
last
The ____ contains the content and padding as well as the box border.
border box
The style rule ____ applies a 10-pixel margin above and below every h1 element, and a 20-pixel margin to the left and right.
h1 {margin: 10px 20px;}
Browser extensions that are not part of the official CSS specifications can be identified through the use of a ____ that indicates the browser vendor that created and supports the property.
vendor prefix
Columns and column groups accept only four styles: border, background, ____, and visibility.
width
Cascading Style Sheets included support for Web tables starting with ____.
CSS2
Data cells in a Web table are displayed using a ____ tag.
Text formatted with the

tag is displayed in a(n) ____ font.
boldface
With the frame value ____, a border is drawn only on the right-hand side of the table.
rhs
Given the syntax

, which of the following is a value for type?
all
With ____, you can apply the full range of CSS styles not available to columns and column groups.
pseudo-classes
By default, cell text is placed ____.
in the middle of the cell, aligned with the cell’s left edge
Spanning cells are created by inserting a ____ attribute in a

or

tag.
rowspan or colspan
If two borders have the same width but different styles, ____ borders have the highest priority.
double
Most Web designers use ____ pathnames in their hypertext links.
relative
Two points define a rectangular hotspot: the ____ and the ____ corner.
upper-left, lower-right
A ____ specifies a precise location on the Web for a file.
URL
A(n) ____ is a set of rules that governs how information is exchanged.
protocol
A(n) ____ links each page with the pages that follow and precede it.
linear structure
Case-Based Critical Thinking Questions

Case 2-1
Ryan’s Web Design wants to create a navigational menu using a picture that Ryan has created in MS Paint. The picture includes text names of the various Web sites for which he would like to create links. Each section of the picture he wants to make into links is not regularly shaped; instead they are more like trapezoids.

Ryan wants descriptive text to be displayed for each hotspot in non-graphical browsers. Which attribute should he use?

alt
Map elements can be placed anywhere within the body of the Web page because they are not actually displayed by the browser, but used as references for mapping ____ to inline images.
hotspots
To create a polygonal hotspot, you enter the coordinates for each ____ in the shape.
corner
Which of the following absolute pathnames is interpreted as “the parks.htm file is in the extra folder, which is a subfolder of the /tutorial02/case1 folder”?
/tutorial02/case1/extra/parks.htm
If the path and filename are left off the URL, the server returns the ____.
default home page
Which input type creates a field that is not viewable on the form?
type= “hidden”
Each control element in which the user can enter information is called a(n) ____.
field
To group option buttons so that selecting one deselects all of the others, you must make the ____ attribute the same.
name
Selection lists usually appear in a ____ box.
drop-down list
By default, the ____ tag displays one option from the selection list, along with a list arrow to view additional selection options.
A ____ should be used to provide visual indication that option buttons belong in the same group.
fieldset
To create an action for a(n) ____ button, you have to write a script or program that runs automatically when the button is clicked.
command
To create a button that will allow a user to send the form data to the server, you use a type of ____.
submit
The ____ attribute has two possible values: get and post.
method
Information entered into a field is called the field ____.
value
To make a check box selected by default, you add ____.
checked=”checked”
Text ____ are used for extended entries that can include several lines of text.
areas
You can change the number of options displayed in a selection list by modifying the ____ attribute.
size
With the embed element, the width and height of the object are measured in ____.
pixels
For browsers that don’t support the HTML5 video element, to embed a video file, you can use the ____ element.
For her stereo-recorded audio interviews, Sadie should use the ____ file format.
MP3
Large sound and video files cause the most trouble for users with low-____ connections.
bandwidth
The ____ format synthesizes musical sounds by recording each note’s pitch, length, and volume.
MIDI
____ is a proprietary audio format developed by Microsoft to compete with MP3s.
WMA
A(n) ____ clip should provide users with important information that cannot be conveyed in any other way.
audio
There are ____ main file formats involved in creating a Flash video.
two
____ employs resusable software components that can be run from within a variety of Windows programs.
ActiveX
A(n) ____ file can provide real-time interactive animation for the viewer.
swf
A conditional comment uses ____ to specify the condition for Internet Explorer.
The __________ contains general information about the document such as the document title, or a list of keywords that would aid search engines in directing interested users to the page.
head element
HTML version ____ added interactive elements, including Web forms.
2.0
The ______element can be used to mark any content that stands aside from a main article but is referenced by it.
figure
A(n) ____ list is used to display information in sequential order.
ordered
A(n) __ heading acts as a subtitle by grouping it with a main title heading using the hgroup element.
h2
The founders of the Web developed a system of ____ documents.
hypertext
_____ is a generic grouping element.
Lucy wants to develop a Web page to display her information. She wants to just start with a basic page that lists her accomplishments, her work history, and the different computer classes she has taken. She would like each section clearly identified.
on a Web server
The exact appearance of each page is described in a separate document known as a ______
style sheet
The first elements you add are ______ elements, which are elements that contain content that is viewed as a distinct block within the Web page.
grouping
Which of the following absolute pathnames is interpreted as “the parks.htm file is in the extra folder, which is a subfolder of the /tutorial02/case1 folder”?
/tutorial02/case1/extra/parks.htm
Once you know a document’s URL, you can create a link to it by adding the URL to the tag along with the ____ attribute in your text file.
href
In the URL http://www.mwu.edu/course/info.html#majors, the path and filename of the document are ____.
/course/info.html
To create a polygonal hotspot, you enter the coordinates for each ____ in the shape.
corner
Which of the following is a type of image map?
Both server-side and client-side
A(n) ____ path specifies the location for a file in relation to the folder containing the current Web document.
relative
Every Web site includes a list containing links to main topic areas of the site called a(n) ____.
navigation list
The ____ protocol is used to open a user’s e-mail client and address a new message.
mailto
A(n) ____ path provides a precise location for a file.
absolute
By default, each Web page you open is displayed in ____.
the main browser window
As with absolute pathnames, folder names are separated by ____ in relative pathnames.
slashes
You have to place a(n) ____ before the image map name with the usemap attribute in the tag.
pound sign
Most Web designers use ____ pathnames in their hypertext links.
relative
A(n) ____ map lists the position of all hotspots within a particular image.
image
Map elements can be placed anywhere within the body of the Web page because they are not actually displayed by the browser, but used as references for mapping ____ to inline images.
hotspots
If the path and filename are left off the URL, the server returns the ____.
default home page
If you want all of the links in your document to point to a new window, you can add the target attribute to a(n) ____ element in the document’s header.
base
All Web page URLs begin with the letters ____.
http
The first portion of a URL identifies the ____.
protocol
______ measures the intensity of the chosen color and ranges from 0% (no color) up to 100% (full color)
Saturation
The ______ statement must always come before any other style rules in the style
sheet.
@import
CSS supports the ___ basic color names.
16
An additional factor in applying a style sheet is that properties are passed from a parent
element to its children in a process known as __________.
style inheritance
A typeface in which each character has the same width and is often used to display programming code is ______
monospace
Tim is creating a page to display his poker club’s set of rules. He has main categories and subcategories along with about a paragraph or more of explanation for each.

Tim wants to display the subcategories in capital letters but does not want them to appear more important than the main categories, so he wants small capital letters. Which style should he use?

font-variant
One reason to use the class attribute is to assign the same _____ to multiple elements
that belong to the same class
style
Art’s Woodworking Shop is trying to design a Web page with CSS. Art would like create the new design based on the latest elements and styles from HTML and CSS. He has created a few sample pages:
home.htm —describes the business and contact information
Product.htm —list of product descriptions
Custom.htm —list of custom products

The design applied to a Web site is usually a combination of several style sheets. Art has submitted three Web pages with style sheets. Art needs to remember the ____style sheet interpreted by the browser is the one built in to the browser itself.

first
To display an ordered list with alphabetical markers such as
A. Home
B. Getting Started
C. Scrapbooking Tips
D. Supply List
you would apply the following list style to the ol element:
ol {list-style-type: upper-alpha;}
If an element contains 12pt text, a length of 2em equals ____.
24pts
If you use a hexadecimal value for a color, you preface the hexadecimal string with a(n) ____.
pound symbol
Adding all three primary colors-red, green and blue-at maximum intensity produces the color _____, while adding any two of the three primary colors at maximum intensity produces the trio of complementary colors—yellow, magenta, and cyan.
white
Style comments can also be added to embedded style sheets as long as they are placed between the opening and closing