MIS 2223 Exam 1

Computer
is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory
Accepts Data(input)-Produces-Produces Info (Output)
output device
is any hardware component that conveys information from a computer or mobile device to one or more people
Printer
is an output device that produces text and graphics on a physical medium, such as paper or other material
Display
is an output device that visually conveys text, graphics, and video information
Memory
consists of electronic components that store instructions waiting to be executed and the data needed by those instructions
storage media
A computer keeps data, instructions, and information on
Internet
is a worldwide collection of computer networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals
web server
is a computer that delivers requested webpages to your computer
browser
is software that enables users with an Internet connection to access and view webpages on a computer or mobile device
search engine
is software that finds websites, webpages, images, videos, news, maps, and other information related to a specific topic
Green computing
involves reducing the electricity consumed and environmental waste generated when using a computer
Strategies include:
Recycling
Using energy efficient hardware and energy saving features
Regulating manufacturing processes
Extending the life of computers
Immediately donating or properly disposing of replaced computers
Software/Program
tells the computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them
communications device
is hardware capable of transferring items from computers and devices to transmission media and vice versa
network
is a collection of computers and devices connected together, often wirelessly, via communications devices and transmission media
Wired
Cable Internet service
DSL (digital subscriber line)
Fiber to the Premises (FTTP)
Wireless
Wi-Fi (wireless fidelity)
Mobile broadband
Fixed wireless
Satellite Internet Service
hot spot
is a wireless network that provides Internet connections to mobile computers and devices
Internet Service Provider
is a business that provides individuals and organizations access to the Internet free or for a fee
Bandwidth represents the amount of data that travels over a network
Megabyte (MB)
Gigabyte (GB)
IP address
is a sequence of numbers that uniquely identifies each computer or device connected to the Internet
domain name
is a text-based name that corresponds to the IP address
DNS server
translates the domain name into its associated IP address
Web publishing
is the creation and maintenance of websites
Digital literacy
Which of the following entails having the knowledge and understanding of computers, mobile devices, the Internet, and related technologies?
All in one
Which kind of desktop uses the same case to house the screen and processing circuitry?
SSD’s
If a manufacturer is looking for memory that is very durable and shock resistant, which kind of technology might it use in its laptops?
VoIP
enables users to speak to other users via their Internet connection
FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
is an Internet standard that permits file uploading and downloading to and from other computers on the Internet
mobile computer
is a portable personal computer, designed so that a user easily can carry it from place to place
personal computer (PC)
is a mobile computer or desktop that can perform all of its input, processing, output, and storage activities by itself and is intended to be used by one person at a time
Laptop
also called a notebook computer, is a thin, lightweight mobile computer with a screen in its lid and a keyboard in its base
Desktop
is a personal computer designed to be in a stationary location, where all of its components fit on or under a desk or table
Server
is a computer dedicated to providing one or more services to other computers or devices on a network
server farm
is a network of several servers together in a single location
mainframe
is a large, expensive, powerful server that can handle hundreds or thousands of connected users simultaneously
terminal
is a computer, usually with limited processing power, that enables users to send data to and/or receive information from a server, or host computer
supercomputer
is the fastest, most powerful computer – and the most expensive
embedded computer
is a special-purpose computer that functions as a component in a larger product
Port
is the point at which a peripheral device attaches to or communicates with a computer or mobile device so that the peripheral device can send data to or receive information from the computer or mobile device
Computer vision syndrome
is a technology-related health condition that affects eyesight
Ergonomics
is an applied science devoted to incorporating comfort, efficiency, and safety into the design of items in the workplace
FTP
With which of the following can users transfer items to and from other computer on the Internet?
ARPANET
The Internet has its roots in a network that became functional in 1969, linking scientific and academic researchers across the United States. What was the name of that network?
Hits
A search engine displays a list of webpage names that contain the search text. What is the term for that list?
Phishing
What is the descriptor for a filter that warns or blocks you from potentially fraudulent or suspicious websites?
Spike
Last night, you experienced a power increase that lasted for less than one thousandth of a second. What is the term for this?
UPS
Your electric service has been failing with some frequency lately because of a lot of storms, and you are looking for more peace of mind when it comes to a reliable power source for your computer. Which of the following could help?
PIN
Which of the following do you need to verify that you are the holder of the bank card at your local bank branch?
Thin client
Which of the following is your library using because it costs less, is easier to maintain, and uses less power than desktop computers?
Blade server
Your data center is looking to conserve space in its server room. Which of the following are you most likely to choose as a result?
Form factor
A computer salesman refers to the shape and size of your new computer by a specific term. What term does he use?
Back up server
You need to restore a computer that has suffered a catastrophic failure. Which of the following are you most likely to use?