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Nuclear Technology - Essay Example

The Benefits of Nuclear Technology Concerns about the disastrous event in the past make people to look into nuclear technology in a very negative perspective. For example, the 1979 partial meltdown of a reactor at Three Mile Island and the Coherency disaster in 1986. On that note, the most recent international event regarding nuclear technology possession, where Iran falls under probation for using nuclear technology for non-peaceful purposes (Iran entitled to use peaceful nuclear technology: EX. official, 2013).

It is not denied that nuclear power could lead to nuclear weapon creation which has long-lasting vegetating effects on the environment and harmful to mankind. Though there are some disadvantages in nuclear technology, the amount of advantages is higher compared to risks that it brings (Sustainable Development & Nuclear Power). The benefits and the importance of nuclear technology are exposed in the following parts of the essay. To begin with, the most important one is the energy production. In this fast moving world, the pollution of the atmosphere and the environment is at alarming level.

The major contributor to the emission of carbon dioxide is by generation of electricity of soil fuel, notably natural gas and coal and it significantly causes global warming (Smith, 2011). Since nuclear energy does not result in the emission of gases that produce global warming in the environment, such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide or nitrogen dioxide, it is definitely preferable compared to burning fossil fuels which produce huge amounts of contamination (Nuclear Technology: the Server of Mankind in a Positive Way, 2011). It provides cheap and clean energy.

Even countries such as France produce approximately 90 percent of their electricity from nuclear power and dad the world in nuclear power generating technology, proving that nuclear power is an economic alternative to fossil fuel power stations (V. Ryan, 2009). Besides that, from the economical point of view, nuclear technology is energy independence and the operating costs of a nuclear reactor are relatively low. Nuclear fuels are derived from uranium or plutonium. Uranium is available in plentiful quantities in the United States, whereas plutonium is a by-product of the nuclear fission process.

Global interest in investing in nuclear power is high, providing the potential to pump money onto emerging economies and create Jobs. Supporters also maintain that many safety issues are solved using newer reactor technologies, reducing the likelihood of accidents. Being one of the countries that possess nuclear power, India hopes to produce 25 percent of its electricity from nuclear power by 2050. (Burgess, 2013) Moreover, it is widely known to the world of the usage of radiation and radioisotopes in medicine particularly for diagnosis and therapy of various medical conditions.

Nuclear medicine allows doctors to make a quick, accurate diagnosis of the functioning of person’s specific organs, or to treat them. Radiotherapy can be used to treat some medical conditions, especially cancer, using radiation to weaken or destroy particular targeted cells. Tens of millions of patients are treated with nuclear Nuclear of r. – . ‘. Q-h. T medicine each year. Over 10,000 hospitals worldwide use radioisotopes in medicine, and procedures are for diagnosis. The most common radioisotope used technetium-99, with some 30 million procedures per year, accounting nuclear medicine procedures worldwide.

Modern industry also uses a variety of ways. Sealed radioactive sources are used in industrial r gauging applications and mineral analysis. (Other Uses of Nuclear T Additionally, nuclear technology is also used in sensing water resource is essential for life and water in many parts of the world has always However, for any new development, whether agricultural, industrial settlement, a sustainable supply of good water is vital. Isotope hydra enable accurate tracing and measurement of the extent of undergo resources.

Such techniques provide important analytical tools in the and conservation of existing supplies of water and in the identification renewable sources of water. They provide answers to questions ABA striation of groundwater, as well as the interconnections between surface water and aquifer recharge systems. The results permit plan sustainable management of these water resources. For surface waters they can give information about leakages through irrigation channels, the dynamics of lakes and reservoirs, flow rates, and sedimentation rates.

From Afghanistan to Zaire there some 60 c developed and developing, that have used isotope techniques to NV water resources in collaboration with International Atomic Energy A Neutron probes can measure soil moisture very accurately, enabling management of land affected by salinity, particularly in respect to IR Many Uses of Nuclear Technology, 2013) Furthermore, it also used in preserving food as some 25-30% of the many countries is lost as a result of spoilage by microbes and pests. Pillage due to infestation and contamination is of the ultimate imp especially so in countries which have hot and humid climates and w extension of the storage life of certain foods, even by a few days, is save them from spoiling before they can be consumed. Some count proportion of harvested grain due to moulds and insects. In all part here is growing use of irradiation technology to preserve food. For countries like United States, Japan, Netherlands and many more par of the technology. Smith, 2011) In over 40 countries health and safety authorities have approved air than 60 kinds of food, ranging from spices, grains and grain product vegetables and meat. It can replace potentially harmful chemical if eliminate insects from dried fruit and grain, legumes, and spices. Of means that raw foods are exposed to high levels of gamma radiation which kills bacteria and other harmful organisms without affecting the nutritional value of food itself or leaving any residue. It is the only means of killing bacterial pathogens in raw and frozen food.

Best of all, irradiation of food does not make it radioactive. (Elizabeth Andrews) In a nutshell, global challenge is to develop strategies that foster a sustainable energy future less dependent on fossil fuels and it has been scientifically proved that as a sustainable long term energy supply into the distant future, nuclear power can be an important contributor to sustainable development. It is a multipurpose power source providing base load electricity and offering a wide range of potential applications in the non-electric sector. Both the nuclear industry and governments face a serious challenge.

Institutional and industrial infrastructures must be maintained at a level sufficient to preserve scientific knowledge and industrial capabilities to meet an increased demand. Although in the near term nuclear power is not an option for many developing countries, technology transfer and local human resource development will be necessary if nuclear power expansion is to meet their future energy needs. But, the publics acceptance on nuclear power is critical to the expansion of nuclear power. And, many attempts has been made globally to clarify issues that limiting the achievement of nuclear technology.