POL 1510 Chapter 11 -Oakland Community College

The opening discussion of Nydia Velazquez and how she won a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives in 1992 illustrates how important it is for congressional leaders to
A. Follow the party platform
B. get reelected
C. Serve the Common Good
D. Serve the interests of their constitutions
E. All of the above
D. Serve the interests of their constitutions
Congress is ____; that is, it is divided into two separate chambers, the House of Representatives and the senate.
A. Bicameral
B. Bifurcated
C. Bisected
D. Divided
E. Unified
A. Bicameral
To be a member of the House of representatives an individual must.
A. be at least 25
B. Be a U.S. citizen
C. Have been a U.S. citizen for seven years prior to running for office.
D. Reside in the state that he of she represents
E. All of the above are true
E. All of the above are true
To be a Senator an individual must
A. be appointed by the governor of the state that he or she represents
B. be at least 30 years old
C. be a U.S. Citizen
D. have been a U.S. citizens for twelve years prior to running for office.
E. All of the above are true
C. be a U.S. Citizen
Members of the House tend to serve an average of ____ terms, or a total of _____ years.
A. 2;4
B. 3;6
C. 5;10
D. 6;12
E. 8;16
C. 5;10
Members of the Senate tend to serve an average of ____ terms, or a total of _____.
A. 1;6
B. 2;12
C. 3;18
D. 5;30
E. 6;36
B. 2;12
From 1789 to 1913, the mode of election for the ____ was indirect; citizens voted for members of their state legislatures, who then selected these individuals.
A. House of Representatives
B. Majority Leader of the Senate
C. President
D. Senate
E. Speaker of the House
D. Senate
The mode of election for the senate was changed from indirect to direct in 1913, with the ratification of the ___ Amendment.
A. Twelfth
B. Fourteenth
C. Seventeenth
D. Nineteenth
E. Twenty-First
C. Seventeenth
What is the term of the office for U.S. Senators?
A. 2years
B. 4years
C. 6years
D. 8years
E. 10years
C. 6years
What is the term of office for members of the House of Representatives?
A. 2years
B. 4years
C. 6years
D. 8years
E. 10years
A. 2years
A(n) ____is the set of people that officially elects the House or Senate member in the United States, and is defined geographically.
A. caucus
B. constituency
C. delegate
D. incumbent
E. whip
B. constituency
Because the Farmers knew that they country would grow, they required a count, or ____, of the population every ten years, after which the number of congressional districts in each state would be adjusted to reflect population changes.
A. caucus
B. census
C. constituency
D. filibuster
E. roll call
B. census
The House started with 65 members, and eventually grew to _____ members by 1929.
A. 100
B. 130
C. 270
D. 435
E. 535
D. 435
The House of Representatives is subject to _____, which is the redrawing f the boundaries of congressional districts in a state to make them approximately equal in population size.
A. franking
B. impeachment
C. oversight
D. redistricting
E. Reed’s Rules
D. redistricting
The _____ Act of 1965 prohibited states and political subdivisions for denying or abridging “the right of any citizen of the United States to vote on account of race or color”; it was later amended to protect the voting rights of “non-English speaking” minorities -referring to Latinos -as well.
A. Civil Rights
B. Equal Protection
C. Judiciary
D. Omnibus
E. Voting Rights
E. Voting Rights
What the ____ Amendment, passed in 1913, congress gained the power “to lay and collect taxes on incomes,” whatever the source.
A. Twelfth
B. Fourteenth
C. Sixteenth
D. Nineteenth
E. Twenty-First
C. Sixteenth
The war powers are shared between congress and the
A. Judiciary
B. People
C. President
D. State Legislature
E. All of the Above are true
C. President
Congress also has the power to
A. ” to raise and support Armies”
B. “to provide and maintain a Navy”
C. “to provide for calling forth the Militia”
D. to make rules and regulations regarding the armed forces.
E. All of the above are true
E. All of the above are true
Congress’s power to allocate a set amount of federal; dollars for a specific program or agency is known as the power to
A. appropriate
B. authorize
C. divided government
D. majoritize
E. commerce
A. appropriate
Congress’s power to create a federal program, or agency and set levels of federal funds to support that program at agency is known as its power to
A. appropriate
B. divided government
C. commerce
D. authorize
E. omnibus
D. authorize
The authority to regulate ___ has allowed congress to expand its power to the point that almost no economic activity is beyond its reach.
A. Civil Rights
B. Interstate Commerce
C. life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
D. property
E. Social welfare
B. Interstate Commerce
In 1942 the Supreme Court upheld Congress’s power to regulate ____ production even when that it is not sold or transported in interstate commerce but is consumed on the farm where it was planted and harvested.
A. Cheese
B. Milk
C. Sugar
D. Corn
E. Wheat
E. Wheat
Congress’s ultimate check on the executive and judicial branches is its power to remove officials and judges from office by
A. advice and consent
B. cloture
C. impeachment
D. special committee
E. unanimous consent agreement
C. impeachment
Who brings the formal charges in an impeachment?
A. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
B. House of Representatives
C. President
D. Senate
E. Vice President
B. House of Representatives
What clause in the Constitution becomes the basis for the implied powers of Congress?
A. Equal protection clause
B. General welfare clause
C. Full faith and credit clause
D. Interstate commerce clause
E. Necessary and proper clause
In 1789, Congress used its implied powers to pass the ____ Act, which established federal district courts and circuit courts of appeal.
A. Civil Rights
B. Equal Protection
C. Judiciary
D. Omnibus
E. Voting Rights
E. Voting Rights
How many appellate circuits are there in the Federal court system?
A. 9
B. 13
C. 19
D. 27
E. 32
C. 19
The federal judicial branch asserted authority over the other two branches in the Supreme Court case of ____, which established judicial review-the federal judiciary’s power to declare laws passed by Congress as unconstitutional.
A. Carter v. Carter Coal Company
B. Gibbons v. Ogden
C. Marbury v. Madison
D. Stafford v. Wallace
E. Wickard v. Filburn
C. Marbury v. Madison
When the party that controls Congress is not the party of the president, it is referred to as
A. bicameralism
B. concurrent government
C. Divided government
D. reconciliation
E. Unified government
C. Divided government
The British Parliament is bicameral; the House of Commons has _____ members and the House of Lords has ______ members.
A. 40;48
B. 100;435
C. 650; 825
D. 730; 900
E. 1000; 1200
C. 650; 825
The ______ is the only formal leadership position in the House of Representatives that is written into the Constitution.
A. House Minority Leader
B. House Parlimentarian
C. President pro tempore
D. Senate Majority leader
E. Speaker of the House
E. Speaker of the House
The _____ presented ten legislative proposals, and every Republican who ran for the House in the 1994 election signed it and pledged to honor it if elected.
A. Contract with America
B. Contract with Republicans
C. Omnibus Bill
D. Ten Points of Light
E. Republican Contract
A. Contract with America
The majority leader also has nine majority ____ to help get support for the party’s preferred policies and keep lines of communication open between the party leadership and the rank-and-file membership.
A. chairs
B. delegates
C. directors
D. parliament
E. whips
E. whips
The highest-ranking minority party member in the House of Representatives is the _____, and his or her main responsibility is crafting the minority party’s position on an issue and serving as the public.
A. Blue Dog
B. House of Minority Leader
C. House of Minority Whip
D. House of Ranking Member
E. President pro tempore
B. House of Minority Leader
Since 1959, when Hawaii and Alaska joined the union, the Senate has had ____ members.
A. 50
B. 100
C. 270
D. 435
E. 535
B. 100
Article 1, section 3 of the Constitution states that the ____ shall be the president of the Senate.
A. Senate majority Whip
B. president
C. Senate majority leader
D. speaker of the Senate
E. Vice President
E. Vice President
In the ______, the Senate began appointing the oldest serving member from the majority party as the president pro temper to serve as the temporary presiding officer.
A. 1850s
B. 1920s
C. 1940s
D. 1950s
E. 1970s
D. 1950s
The president pro tempore is closely advised by the _____, who is responsible for administering the rules of the Senate.
A. House Rules Committee
B. Senate majority leader
C. Senate majority whip
D. Senate Parliamentarian
E. Vice President
D. Senate Parliamentarian
In the 1950s, the _____ became more active in the executive branch business and less active in the Senate.
A. Senate majority leader
B. House Minority leader
C. Vice president
D. President
E. President pro tempore
C. Vice president
The majority party elects the _____, but unlike the Speaker of the House, this position is not written into the constitution.
A. Senate majority whip
B. President pro tempore
C. Senate Minority leader
D. Senate majority leader
E. House minority leader
D. Senate majority leader
A _____ committee is a permanent committee with the power to write the power to write legislation and report it to the full chamber.
A. Conference
B. Joint
C. Select
D. Special
E. Standing
E. Standing
In the House, there are ____ standing committees, and in the Senate, there are ____ standing committees as the committee system is known as the central hub of legislative activity in congress.
A. 15;20
B. 20;16
C. 16;20
D. 30;15
E. 15;25
B. 20;16
Committee Hearings
A. draw attention to a current problem or issue that needs public attention
B. inform the committee members about the consequences of passing of specific bill.
C. convey constituents’ questions and concerns on an issue.
D. exert oversight of the executive branch to determine theater congressional intent is being honored
E. All of the Above are true.
E. All of the Above are true.
Committee chairs decide which bills receive hearings and which go on to ______, a meeting in which committee members write the version of the bill that they send to the entire chamber for a vote.
A. Appropriation
B. Conference
C. Cloture
D. Markup
E. Reconciliation
D. Markup
Until 1994, there was no limit on the number of terms that committee chairs could serve. However, in 1995, the Republican majorities in the House and the Senate adopted ___- year consecutive term limits on chairs. These limits were eventually eliminated.
A. 6
B. 8
C. 12
D. 16
E. 18
A. 6
Committee chairs have powerful roles. The chair is typically the majority party member who has the most _____, the longest time served on the committee.
A. ranking member
B. seniority
C. Cloture
D. Markup
E. Committee
B. seniority
A _____ is the leader of the minority party of a committee.
A. ranking member
B. minority party member
C. Majority party member
D. cloture
E. markup
A. ranking member
In the 111th congress (2009-2010), members introduced 6,562 public bills in the House of Representatives, and 4,059 public bill in the Senate. of the total 10,621 public bills, Congress enacted approximately ____ percent into law.
A. 1
B. 3
C. 10
D. 24
E. 31
B. 3
The _____ maintains control before the bill goes to the floor by issuing a rule dictating how many amendments my be considered in the House of Representatives.
A. House majority leader
B. House majority whip
C. House rules committee
D. speaker of the House
E. Standing committee
C. House rules committee
An extended debate in the Senate whose purpose is to delay or even prevent a bill’s passage in referred to as a(n)
A. Cloture
B. Filibuster
C. Hold
D. Override
E. Veto
B. Filibuster
The senate does not have a gatekeeper committee like the committee on Rules in the House, all senators have the _____ to try to amend legislation on the floor.
A. Filibuster
B. Cloture
C. Earmark
D. Power
E. Committee
D. Power
The only way to stop a filibuster is by invoking ____, a moving to end debate that requires a supermajority of sixty votes to pass.
A. Continuing resolution
B. an Override
C. Roll Call Vote
D. Cloture
E. Impeachment
D. Cloture
During a _____, the clerks of the House or Senate call the names of each member, who registers his or her vote electronically.
A. Filibuster
B. Hearing
C. Markup
D. Reconciliation
E. Roll Call Vote
E. Roll Call Vote
The last stage in the Congressional legislative process is when the House and Senate meet in ____ committee to resolve any differences that exist in the versions that passes each chamber.
A. Conference
B. Joint
C. Select
D. Special
E. Standing
A. Conference
If Congress will be going out of session within ten days, the president can wait for Congress to go out of session and simply not sign a bill, a practice known as a(n)
A. hold
B. Override
C. pocket Veto
D. recess appointment
E. veto
C. pocket Veto
Before E-mail and the Internet, what was franking privilege?
A. Free air travel for congressional leaders
B. Free dry cleaning for congressional leaders
C. Free Internet for congressional leaders
D. Free mail service for congressional leaders
E. Free television time for congressional leaders
D. Free mail service for congressional leaders
Most _____ in the House and Senate win reelection; in 2012, 85 percent in the House, and 84 percent in the Senate won reelection.
A. Democrats
B. Incumbents
C. men
D. Republicans
E. Women
B. Incumbents
In 2011, approximately _____ million Americans did not have access to any health insurance coverage because they are self-employed and could not afford to purchase it; unemployed, but not poor or old enough for a government program; or deemed ineligible by private insurance companies because they had health conditions that make them high risk and expensive to cover.
A. 1
B. 5
C. 12
D. 20
E. 48
E. 48
In the Senate, the American’s Affordable Health Choices Act was subjected to the jurisdiction of multiple committees: The _____ and the Finance Committee.
A. Health, Education, Labor, and Pension (HELP) Committee
B. Appalachian Regional Commission
C. Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council
D. Federal Interagency Committee on Education
E. The Health and Finance Caucus
A. Health, Education, Labor, and Pension (HELP) Committee
How many different organization reported lobbying on health care reform in 2009?
A. 89
B. 162
C. 598
D. 1541
E. 2190
D. 1541