POSCI 2310 13,14,15

Liberals who criticized President Obama’s strategy for getting the health care bill passed say he _______ when he dealt with interest groups from the health insurance industry.
“gave away the store” by not insisting on inclusion of the public option
At the time the health care bill was being debated in Congress, the insurance industry was in a tough position because
if it stayed outside of the political process but was unable to stop health care reform, it risked being stuck with a policy it hated.
AmericansAmericans
are much more likely to belong to interest groups than are citizens of other nations.
Interest groups perform all of the following roles in politics EXCEPT
electing members to public office.
Interest groups are formed with the common goal of
altering public policy.
Political action committees, or PACs, are
the fundraising arm for interest groups
Political action committees were created as a result of
interest group restrictions in the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974.
The likelihood that people with a shared interest will form a group is increased when each of the following occurs EXCEPT
the potential members are unemployed and have a great deal of time to engage in politics.
Expressive benefits are:
selective incentives that derive from the opportunity to express values and beliefs and to be committed to a greater cause.
A common feature of all interest groups is that they
are organized around shared interests among members.
An interest group ______ is an effective leader who is likely to have organized an interest group and can effectively promote its interests.
entrepreneur
Many interest groups face the _______ when recruiting members who can gain the benefits of their activities whether or not they join.
free rider problem
Interest groups often provide selective incentives, which are
benefits available only to group members.
Selective incentives are necessary for some interest groups because
collective benefits cannot be kept from those who do not join the group and the group needs paying members to join.
The _______ is a business association that represents three million businesses that range from small mom-and-pop stores to large employers.
Chamber of Commerce
Economic interest groups include all of the following EXCEPT
consumer groups.
The ______ is the interest group that argued a number of key civil rights cases in court, including Brown v. Board of Education.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
AARP is very large because
AARP provides a wide variety of selective benefits for a small cost.
The Eagle Forum is an interest group that
advocates a more traditional role for women in society.
______ are interest groups that try to influence government to produce collective goods or services that benefit the general public.
Public interest groups
The text indicates that_____ are the type of interest group that is least likely to meet Madison’s definition of “factions.”
public interest groups
Second Amendment groups lobby for or against
gun control.
The “revolving door” exists because
some of the most effective lobbyists are former government officials.
________ is a nonpartisan defender of individual rights against the encroachment of a powerful government.
The American Civil Liberties Union
All of the following statements concerning direct lobbying are true EXCEPT
It is hard for interest groups to lobby the bureaucracy.
Elections perform all of the following functions EXCEPT
decreasing political efficacy.
Citizens’ feelings of effectiveness in political affairs is called
political efficacy.
In recent presidential elections, voter turnout has been
rising.
The primary impact of state voter registration laws has been to
decrease turnout.
What method has increased voter registration?
Motor Voter bills
Those who are LESS likely to vote tend to be
poor rather than wealthy.
A party’s effort to inform potential voters and persuade them to vote for that party is known as
voter mobilization.
The single biggest factor accounting for how people decide to vote is
party identification.
_______ voting occurs when people base their voting decisions on well-informed opinions and consideration of the future consequences of their votes.
Prospective
_______ voting occurs when people use their judgment of the current political situation along with the past performance of the incumbents.
A. Retrospective
Major-party presidential nominations are now determined primarily by
convention delegates selected in party primaries, caucuses, and state conventions.
A party caucus is a meeting of
local party members who choose delegates for the national convention.
Front-loading is the process of
scheduling presidential primaries earlier in the primary season
Politicians who are thinking about running for the presidency begin their run by
testing the waters unofficially.
_______ determine(s) how delegates are distributed by the primaries.
Party rules
Delegates to the national conventions are chosen
in primary elections and caucuses.
Typically the three important tasks of the presidential convention are to pick the presidential candidate,
select the vice presidential candidate, and write the party’s platform.
Which of the following statements is NOT true about the choice of a vice presidential candidate?
Traditionally the vice presidential candidate is from the same region and wing of the party as the presidential candidate.
The term “convention bump” refers to
the opinion poll spike that most candidates enjoy immediately after the convention.
When analyzing campaign advertisements, one should ask all of the following questions EXCEPT
How much did the ad cost?
The Constitution dictates that each state has
one elector for each senator and representative.
Faithless electors, as defined by the text, are electors who
vote their conscience rather than for the candidate they were pledged to support in the Electoral College.
All of the following statements concerning the Electoral College are true EXCEPT
The rules of the Electoral College give all the states importance in presidential elections.
According to the textbook, for candidates the goal of presidential campaigns is to
mobilize their base and entice swing voters to vote for them.
Swing voters are
people who have not made up their minds at the start of the campaign.
The “What’s at Stake?” feature in this chapter chronicles the steady decline of which of the following news sources?
Newspapers
Regarding how people get their news and their knowledge of current events, the results of a survey asking people to name certain public figures suggests that
integrators and net-users are the best informed.
Most of the news that Americans read on a daily basis comes from a few sources because most newspapers
subscribe to one of the major wire services.
News magazines like Time or Newsweek can offer more comprehensive news coverage than newspapers because they
do not have to meet a daily deadline.
Most politicians like radio and television because these media
allow politicians to reach a broad audience without the adversarial questions of print reporters.
Infotainment refers to
news shows dressed up with drama and entertainment to entice viewers to tune in.
Question 7 of 25
increasing the quality of news available to viewers.
Although the Internet provides people with enormous amounts of information,
it is difficult to sort and evaluate the available information.
The drive to attract customers to newspapers in the 1800s led publishers to print papers that were all of the following EXCEPT
less dependent on advertising.
Yellow journalism refers to
the effort to lure audiences by reporting on sensational topics
The tendency of the media to make coverage and programming decisions based on what will attract a large audience and maximize profits is known as
commercial bias.
One of the problems in selecting the Internet as an alternative to the mainstream corporate media is that
it takes time and effort to find out which sources are accurate and trustworthy.
The Federal Communications Act was passed because
government regulation was needed to manage competition for scarce airwaves
The impact of the deregulation of broadcast journalism by the 1996 Telecommunications Act has been to
increase the possibilities of media monopoly.
The 1996 Telecommunications Act
C. allowed ownership of multiple broadcast stations as long as those stations did not reach more than 35 percent of the market.
_______ is the power to determine which news stories are covered and which are not.
Gatekeeping
The idea that the journalist’s job is to get news to the public quickly, avoid stories with unverified content, and reach as wide an audience as possible is known as the _________ role.
disseminator
An investigative reporter who searches for and exposes misconduct in corporate activity or public officials is called a
muckraker
The current movement among some journalists to be responsive to citizen input in determining what news stories to cover is called ___________ journalism.
civic
The new movement toward having everyday people act as journalists and report the news directly on social media or blogs is known as
citizen journalism
Based on empirical data, we can conclude that there is a _____ bias in the news.
commercial
Which of the following statements is NOT true concerning pundits?
They usually have high levels of expertise and professionalism
The tendency of public officials, journalists, and lobbyists to move between public and private sector jobs is known as
the revolving door.
In engaging in agenda setting, priming, and framing, the news media is
telling the public what to think about.
The agenda-setting functions of the news media have the greatest effect on
independents.