Quiz 10

During the late 1960s, a branch of the U.S. government titled the __ created one of the country’s first wide area packet-switched networks.
Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA)
In 1983, the Department of Defense broke the ARPANET into two similar networks: the original ARPANET and __.
MILNET
To transfer Web pages, the Internet uses the __.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
__ are used to select unique documents from anywhere in the world.
Uniform Resource Locators (URLs)
The protocol that resides at the __ layer in the TCP/IP protocol suite is called Internet Protocol (IP).
transport
The IP datagram __ field enables the network to discard a datagram that has been traveling the Internet for too long.
Time to Live
__ lets a router represent an entire local area network to the Internet as a single IP address.
NAT
A __ is a data network connection that makes use of the public telecommunications infrastructure but maintains privacy through the use of a tunneling protocol and security procedures.
virtual private network (VPN)
A (n) __ uniquely identifies files, Web pages, images, or an other types of electronic documents that reside on the Internet.
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
The __ is a large, distributed database of Internet addresses and domain names.
Domain Name System (DNS)
__ is a set of codes inserted into a document that is intended for display on a Web browser.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
__ is the computerized version of writing a letter and mailing it at the local post office.
Electronic mail
The primary functions of __ are to allow a user to download a file from a remote site to the user’s computer and to upload a file from the user’s computer to a remote site.
File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
The practice of making telephone calls over the Internet has had a number of different names, including packet voice, voice over packet, voice over the Internet , Internet telephony, and __.
Voice over IP (VoIP)
A company can use IP for transmission of data within its own network, but use traditional telephone lines outside the company network. Many people are now beginning to call such systems __.
private VoIP
__ is actually a set of protocols named packet-based multimedia protocols, and it was designed for a wide range of applications (audio and video).
H.323
__ involves the continuous download of a compressed audio or video file, which can then be heard or viewed on the user’s workstation.
Streaming audio and video
__ is the electronic selling and buying of merchandise using the Web.
E-retailing
A __ is data created by a Web server that is stored on the hard drive of a user’s workstation.
cookie
One of the biggest changes to affect the Internet will be the adoption of a new version of the Internet Protocol, version __.
IPv6