Sociology Chapter 13

Which sociological perspective stresses the impact of social class on the process of childhood socialization?
Conflict
The effects of gender on the dynamics of marriage and the family structure are examined by
Feminist theories
The majority of unmarried teenage mothers are
Whites
The percentage of women in their early 20s who have been married over 90% in
India
Steve and Mary are married and then get a divorce. Steve then marries Rachel, and they get a divorce, too. Steve remarries Mary and lives with her until she dies. After Mary’s death, Steve marries Beth and lives with her until his death. These relationships of Steve’s life are an example of
serial monogamy.
Which of the following statements concerning stepfamilies is true?
Children raised by stepmothers are likely to have less health care, education, and money spent on their food than children raised by biological mothers.
Which of the following does your textbook define as a family?
a set of people related by blood, marriage (or some other agreed-upon relationship), or adoption who share the responsibility for reproducing and caring for members of society
In which type of society do women hold greater authority than men?
a matriarchy
Which sociological perspective would be likely to suggest that family decision making reflects the inequality of traditional gender stratification, in which men have held a dominant position over women?
conflict perspective
Tibetan women may have more than one husband simultaneously, which allows for
sons to share the limited amount of good land.
Feminists suggest that laws in the U.S. traditionally viewed wives and children as the property of the husband. This view reflects the concerns of which sociological perspective?
conflict perspective
Which pattern of descent is most typical in the U.S.?
bilateral
Which of the following is considered an extended family?
a married couple, their children, and the husband’s sister all living together in the same home
The term incest taboo refers to
the prohibition of sexual relationships between certain culturally specified relatives.
Which sociological perspective would suggest that social change has influenced the family, in that many traditional family activities, such as education, have been assumed by other social institutions?
functionalist perspective
What is the general term for a marriage in which an individual can have several husbands or wives at the same time?
polygamy
The restriction of mate selection to people within the same group is known as
endogamy.
Which of the following is most accurate of Internet dating presently in the United States?
The Internet is second only to friends as a source for romantic partners.
Which sociological perspective views marriage as a social institution closely tied to human reproduction?
functionalist perspective
In which type of authority pattern are the adult members of the family regarded as equals?
egalitarian
The feminization of poverty refers to the disproportionate representation of
female-headed households among the poor.
Which sociological perspective would be most likely to point out that policymakers have both a humanitarian and a financial stake in promoting adoption?
functionalist perspective
Which sociological perspective notes the ways in which the family gratifies the needs of its members and contributes to the stability of society?
functionalist perspective
Anthropologist George Murdock sampled 565 societies and found that
over 80 percent of them preferred polygamy to monogamy.