Technology In Action: Chapter 2

Computers gather data, which means that they allow users to ________ data.
enter
Serial ports and parallel ports have long been used to connect input and output devices to the computer.
True
Bits and bytes are used to represent the quantity of data and information the computer inputs and outputs.
True
The area that holds all of the instructions the computer needs to start up is RAM.
False
Restarting the computer while it’s powered on is called a cold boot.
False
________ computers are specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices such as your car or the electronic thermostat in your home.
Embedded
A digicam sits on your computer monitor and is used primarily for transmitting live video.
False
The four functions of the computer include input, process, output, and ________.
storage
A keyboard and mouse are examples of ________ devices.
input
The central processing unit controls all the functions performed by the computer’s other components and processes all the commands issued to it by software instructions.
True
One bit is equal to eight bytes.
False
A ________ enables your computer to connect to other computers or to the Internet.
network interface card (NIC)
________ keyboards can be rolled up and put in your backpack.
Flexible
Processing is manipulating, calculating, or organizing data into information.
True
A ________ was the first device with touch-screen capabilities.
tablet PC
________ printers have tiny hammer-like keys that strike the paper through an inked ribbon.
Impact
The computer port that is used to connect televisions and DVD players is the ________.
DVI
________ is data that has been organized or presented in a meaningful fashion.
Information
Keyboards that display on screen when input of text is required are known as virtual keyboards.
True
Brightness determines how lighter colors appear on the display.
False