Biotechnology - Essay Example

A candidate who visualizes in this field is known as a biotechnologist. There are lots of career opportunities in this field for young aspirants both in India as well as in aboard for biotechnologist. Scope of biotechnology is rising in certain filled which include: – Gene therapy Tissue culture ; Meticulousness’s Genetic Engineering Plant-based drugs Rational drug design Stem cell techniques New DNA technologies Photosynthetic efficiency Enzyme engineering and technology List of Courses: – Diploma in Biotechnology Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology Bachelor of Science (Honors) in Biotechnology

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Master of Science In Biotechnology Master of Science (Honors) in Biotechnology Master of Science Agriculture in Biotechnology Master of Science Marine in Biotechnology Master of Business Administration In Biotechnology Doctor of Philosophy In Biotechnology Basic Illegibility For admission in a bachelor’s degree, the candidate must have passed the higher ‘OFF math and chemistry. The duration for this course is 3 years. The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree are holding a bachelor’s degree with science subjects such as biology, math and chemistry. The duration for this course is 2 years.

Specializations Some of the fields of specialization are: – Genetics Biochemistry Physiology ; Botany Microbiology Biophysics Pharmacology Horticulture Tissue Culture Animal Sciences Dairy Technology Molecular Biology Agricultural Engineering Job Prospects Biotechnology is one of the top career choices made by students in India. There are lots of career opportunities in this field. Graduates can seek employment in chemical industries, agricultural sectors, pharmaceutical and manufacturing industries. Professionals in this career can also opt for teaching Jobs in universities and colleges.

Bio-technologists can seek employment in research laboratories, which are run by government or private sector. Professionals can seek Job opportunities in private sectors such as food processing and agro based industries, pharmaceutical farms and aquaculture. Environmental experts are also employed in different government agencies and private institutions. Biotechnologist can also opt for science writer in media houses. Some Job options: – Chemicals experimentations Waste management Food processing Environment control Public funded laboratories Bio-processing industries Drug and pharmaceutical research

Remuneration: – Biotechnology is a rewarding and promising career option. The compensation of a biotechnologist working in RA search organization or a public sector industry is set according to the government standards. Professionals employed in corporate houses and industries can earn handsome salary. A graduate trainee in this field can initially earn around RSI. 15,000- 20,000 every month. Professionals working in private colleges can earn good salary depending upon their experience. Fresh IT pass out graduates working in corporate sector can earn salary between RSI. 70,000 – RSI. 5,000 ere annum. Some of the biotechnology companies in India: – ; Excel Industries Limited, Iambi ; Brainwave Bioinformatics Ltd. , Achaean Catalyst Pharmacy Consulting , Iambi Hi Tech Bio Laboratories, Pane Arioso Pharmaceuticals Ltd. , Iambi Cisco Research Laboratories Pet. Ltd. , Iambi Rajah Gandhi Center for Biotechnology, Kraal (RACE) Biotech Consortium India Limited, New Delhi All India Biotech Association (AIBO), New Delhi Marshal Pharmacy Biotech Asia Pacific Ltd. , Achaean Career in Biotechnology The applications of this branch of science are vast and simply mind-boggling.

On one and, it caters to the industrial sector such as food and beverages industry, textiles industry, biological products, medicines and pharmaceuticals while on the other hand this branch of science caters to the requirements of agriculture, animal husbandry, nutrition and environmental conservation. The list is a long and an envious one. What’s more, the branch of science we are talking about is in itself not confined or bound as a single discipline. Rather it is an interdisciplinary branch of science that is rapidly gaining significance and opportunities for youngsters who want to explore the ewe frontiers of science are immense.

The name of the discipline is Biotechnology. Although, the name may suggest that this branch of science is steeped in biology but this is not the case. Apart from biology, this branch of science also assimilates diverse subjects like physics, chemistry and mathematics. Furthermore, engineering applications are also an integral constituent of biotechnology. The concepts derived from this dissimilar mix of sciences are applied to biological matter, generally living cells, for developing new and improved biological and industrial products.

Most of the work done by professionals engaged in biotechnology is concerned with research and development work in various laboratories. Students are showing tremendous interest in biotechnology. The primary reason behind this interest emerges from the fact that the technical and procedural application of biotechnology touches a vast array of disciplines. This in turn opens a lot many Job portals for students who are seeking a stable career in their life. Biotechnology, along with its many sub-fields, finds use in so many applications that many new fields have and are being derived from within it.

Step-by-Step In opting for a specialized profession such as biotechnology, you must plan your career right from your school days. In this context, the combination of subjects of study at the 10+2 level must primarily include Biology, Chemistry, Physics and even Mathematics. Once you have finished schooling you can opt for a suitable undergraduate program (BBS, BE, Batch) in Biotechnology from various academic institutions spread across the country. The duration of a BBS program in biotechnology is three years whereas it is four years for BE and Batch courses.

The eligibility criterion for getting into an undergraduate program varies from one institution to another. In some colleges the eligibility criteria includes a 10+2 with 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics. In some other institutions, the 10+2 pass percentage required is 55%. Whereas some colleges qualification and others take into account the physics, chemistry and mathematics combination. Once this eligibility criterion is met, you can get admission in to BBS programs.

However, for many undergraduate courses in biotechnology you need to sit for common engineering entrance exams such as: ; The Joint Entrance Examination for Its (TEKTITE): for admission to various Its ; All-India Engineering Entrance Exam (IEEE): for admission to various National Institutes of Technology or regional engineering colleges Other than these common entrance examinations, engineering institutions offering undergraduate programs conduct their own entrance examinations. The result of these entrances will allow you get admission to an undergraduate course in biotechnology in reputed engineering colleges.

Once you have earned a graduate degree in this field you can go for the master’s level (Ms, ME, Match). For a Masters in Biotechnology, you should either have a graduate degree in biotechnology or in any subject that is related to biological sciences. A graduate degree in subjects such as biochemistry, biology, botany, chemistry, microbiology, pharmacy, veterinary sciences or zoology is acceptable for an entry into a post-graduate program in biotechnology. Apart from undergraduate programs, many colleges and universities offer five and five-and-a-half year integrate programs (Batch/Match) for students.

It should be kept in mind that a post-graduate qualification in biotechnology is a must to enter the refutable and ever-expanding field of botanical applications. As it is a blend of numerous disciplines, you have to do a specialization in a number of fields. Some of the common areas of research include fields like: Agriculture and Agricultural Development, Animal Husbandry, Biochemistry, Biophysics, Botany, Dairy Technology, Environmental Protection, Fishery Development, Genetics, Horticulture, Medicine, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Nutrition, Pharmacology, Tissue Culture and Zoology.

After post-graduation, you can apply for a doctoral program and from then on if need e, immerse yourself in post-doctoral research. Here, it is important to point out that a majority of students prefer to do their PhD and post-doctoral research from foreign universities. Start Early To follow biotechnology as a preferred profession, you must have a sound grounding in science from the early school days. You must have keen interest in various branches of science not Just for study sake or for obtaining good grades.

Rather, you must have a keen perception to understand scientific applications and even keep pace with the latest news from the scientific world. Technology or any subject that is directly or indirectly related to biological sciences. Remember a masters degree is a must to make a successful career in the domain of biotechnology. Is it the Right Career for Me? Important traits for getting into this domain are a high degree of intelligence and a general aptitude for science and scientific applications.

Since biotechnology is redefining the boundaries of science, to become a part of such an innovative field you must posses an inherent attitude of originality and imagination. Other skills that will sail you through a successful and a fulfilling career n this path-breaking area are perseverance, immense patience, analytical proficiency, ability to work for long hours, team spirit and communication skills. What would it Cost Me? A typical course in biotechnology can annually cost you anywhere between RSI 20,000 to RSI or above depending on the college you study.

Usually, government and regional colleges that select students through tough entrance exams charge less as compared to programs offered by private owned colleges. Funding/Scholarship Various academic institutions and universities offer scholarships to deserving dents who perform extraordinarily in the entrance test and post-entrance interviews. However, easy loans are available from banks for students to pursue their academics. The money borrowed may be returned after a student gets a Job.

For instance, State Bank of India, Allahabad Bank, State Bank of Moser and Bank of Abroad are some popular banks that offer attractive loans to students. These loans include library fees, book purchases, travel expenses and often allow students to purchase computers, accessories and scientific instruments required to complete their work. Biotechnology assimilates in itself a number of disciplines. Further, there is a great demand for botanical experts in countless industries and sectors.

The following are applications where biotechnological techniques are used extensively: ; Agriculture ; Animal Husbandry ; Environment Conservation ; Genetic Engineering ; Health Care ; Medicine Career opportunities for students in biotechnology abound. Those specializing in different sub-disciplines of this field can easily find Jobs in both private and government sector undertakings. If you have acquired a post-graduate degree in Technology then you can easily find a suitable position in a number of industries.

Major recruiters include industries engaged in processing and developing agricultural and biological products, bio-processing industries, pharmaceutical and chemical industries. There are ample opportunities in industries producing healthcare products, textile industry, cosmetics and organizations engaged in different types of industrial research and development. These days a growing number of qualified botanical professionals are engaged by different industries for environment protection activities and for the safe disposal of gizzards materials.

Pay Packet Like any other Job profile, the pay packet largely depends on your academic qualification, your area of specialization and the institution from where you have earned your degree. Fresh graduates in this field can generally bag a monthly salary in the range of RSI 8,000 to RSI 20,000. It has been observed that candidates with a Masters degree in Biotechnology get a better starting salary as compared with students who Just have a graduate degree in this field. With an increase in the level of experience, there is abundant scope for eating fatter pay cheeses in this exciting and inspiring profession.

Demand and Supply A number of factors determine the demand of professionals from this interdisciplinary field. India primarily being an agrarian economy, requires professionals who can improve agrarian practices and optimism agricultural output. The growing population of the country requires improved life sciences related products and medicines. This in turn fuels the demand for an increased research and development of vaccines, medicines, tissue culture methods and so on. There is a steady demand for these professionals in numerous organizations engaged in different types of industrial research and development.

On the supply side, technical colleges are trying their best to meet the growing demand for qualified professionals. One major problem faced on the demand side is that a vast majority of students who are engaged in cutting edge research often tend to leave India to complete their tend to stay and work abroad. Market Watch Biotechnology has been making steady progress in last decade and a half. More than half of the earnings from this industry currently come from exports and the trend is expected to remain the same in the coming years.

Although, students doing research work in this field have a tendency to work in foreign countries, yet there is huge potential for students who wish to stay and work in India. According to a recent survey, India is stated to become an international focal point for development of biotechnology. The areas where biotechnology has grown in India includes Agricultural Biotechnology, Animal Husbandry, Bioinformatics, Bio fertilizers and Dairy development. Growth has also been seen in the area of Bio-resource Development, Plant Biology, Marine Biotechnology, Microbiology, Genetic research.

The changes in the patent regime along with the initiatives taken by the government are expected to bear fruit. All this will lead to a rapid growth and expansion of biotechnological industries in the country. International Focus At the international level, India has started making its presence felt in the domain of biotechnology. However, there is tremendous scope for graduate and post-graduate students from this field especially in the United States and in European countries. A large number of post-graduate students and research scholars tend to move out of India to complete their higher studies.

Furthermore, these students prefer to seek employment in the country where they complete their studies or research projects. Positives/Negatives ; This is an upcoming and constantly growing science and has worldwide scope especially in terms of research. ; The scope for research is very wide and efficient work gets fast acclamation within multinationals. ; If you succeed in clearing the tests and interviews, it is assumed you are the right fit for the profession. ; The number of seats for biotechnology courses is very limited across colleges in imprison with subjects such as physics, chemistry or biology. Scenically expert. ; The number of companies employing biotechnology students is less when compared with number of companies hiring IT professionals or finance professionals. ; You will have to put in a lot of hard work which can be frustrating at times. ; This is not a profession for people who want to make fast buck but for people who are looking for a long and a well charted career. Different roles, different names Biotechnology, as the name suggests is the technology of biology and the scope of both put together.