Although the fishing industry has long been associated with the contribution of marine pollution little work has been done on the effects on the industry itself of marine debris and other pollution. The fishing Industry Is responsible for discarded nets, hooks, fishing poles, and many times sunken boats, among other gear. In many circumstances this is not the intended plan when going fishing to catch their paychecks. In fact the fishing industry pays a high price for these losses from the time they have to replace their nets to the pulling of old nets and trash out of their new nets on regular basis.
When questioned about the effects of marine debris on their fishing activities, Eastland fishermen responded that 92% had recurring problems with accumulated debris In nets, 69% had had their catch contaminated by debris and 92% had snagged their nets on debris on the seabed. Many also experienced fouled propellers and blocked intake pipes. On average, 1-2 hours per week were spent clearing debris from nets. Debris could cause a restricted catch and many boats avoided particular fishing areas altogether due to the high concentrations of debris.
It has gotten to the point for many fishers that they can no longer fish certain areas known to be well stocked with money fish due to the time consuming issues with trash and fishing debris in those specific waters due to left behind gear. Ultimately their carelessness or specifically their loss of equipment into their own favorite fishing area and their not having the foresight to recognize that they need a way to that area permanently due to loss of time extracting their own trash from their replacement gear.
If the fishing industry would clean up the areas they have left Enid due to their own equipment loss, they would not only clean up the marine environment but they would create more valuable space for them to fish which in most cases are closer to their own homes and would save them time and money in the long run. Monsanto made 14. 86 Billion in 2013 While you wouldn’t necessarily consider a farmer as a serious polluter of the ocean, the facts remain that they are responsible for numerous man-made pollutants reaching the ocean including pesticides, herbicides, and chemical fertilizers.
Many ocean pollutants are released into the environment far upstream from coastlines. Nitrogen-rich fertilizers applied by farmers inland, for example, end up in local streams, rivers, and groundwater and are eventually deposited in estuaries, bays, and deltas. These excess nutrients can spawn massive blooms of algae that rob the water of oxygen, leaving areas where little or no marine life can exist. Scientists have counted some 400 such dead zones around the world.
There are many ‘green’ ways to grow food that farmers could implement instead of using chemicals and there are farmers who do indeed care and wish to protect the environment and are doing their part. Unfortunately there are companies such as grocery store chains who have bought up much of the world’s farm lands and now use only the almighty dollar as their compass. Profit is weighed against nature at a great cost to our oceans. The value of a healthy planet and its people are low on the priority list for companies like Monsanto who some claim are capable of solving world hunger issues and who have yet to put their money where their mouth is.
Many of these pollutants created and sold by Monsanto collect at the ocean’s depths, where they are consumed by small marine organisms and introduced into the global food chain. Pfizer, Inc the largest pharmaceutical company in the world made $1. 5 Trillion from only 4 of the drugs that they made in 2013. Scientists have discovered that pharmaceuticals ingested by humans but not fully processed by our bodies are eventually ending up in the fish we eat. Back in the sass, the litter in our water and on our shores was a recurring collective nightmare. The Jersey Shore was awash in used syringes.
New Work’s garbage barge wandered the seas. On the approach to Kennedy Airport, the protagonist of “Paradise,” a late Donald Birthrate novel, looked out his airplane window and saw “a hundred miles f garbage in the water, from the air white floating scruff. ” We tend to tire of new variations on the apocalypse, however, the same way we tire of celebrities and pop songs. Eventually all those syringes, no longer delivering a Jolt of guilt or dread, and we simply forgot about it. The earth is in trouble and no doubt will never be right again because man is too selfish to care for it. Despite the Ocean Dumping Reform Act, the U.
S. Alone still releases more than 850 billion gallons of untreated sewage and storm runoff every year, according to a 2004 E. P. A. Report. Walk the Manhattan plastic bags, what the E. P. A. Calls “folktales,” those Missile buoyant or semi-buoyant solids” that people flush into the waste stream like cotton swabs, condoms, tampon applicators and dental floss. Disgusting to think of from a human stand point, but imagine being a bird and the nightmare of swallow such things. Despite trying every conceivable search to find out how much KM Eagle, the world’s largest processor of plastics made last year, I could find no statistics.
I did, however, find where they were found liable for defrauding the government and had to pay $22. 5 million in a whistle blower case which is sure to cost our country billions. In certain regions, ocean currents corral trillions of decomposing plastic items and other trash into gigantic, swirling garbage patches. About a thousand miles off the coast of California floats one of mankind’s dirtiest little secrets. Or at least it was a secret before the late ‘ass, when a seafaring scientist stumbled upon it in horror.
Now known as the Pacific Trash Vortex, it is estimated to be the size of Texas. It’s a floating dump in the ocean, big enough to hold one or two Texas or maybe all of North America, depending upon whom you ask. . The discrepancy in size estimates ay be due to the fact that since most of the trash is below the surface, the borders are almost impossible to see from above the water. Plus, the trash moves around with the currents, and there’s more than one of these patches. At least one more lies in the Pacific, and they dot the entire globe.
Most often, “Great Pacific Garbage Patch” refers to the one extending from Hawaii to San Francisco. That patch of trash is supposed to be the biggest, sporting an impressive 3. 5 million tons of watery garbage. And at least 80 percent of it is plastic. A new, massive patch was discovered in the Atlantic Ocean in early 2010. Most of us have watched the commercial showing the amount of plastic water bottles Americans discard every year which is enough to encircle the globe multiple times, but how many of us have traded in their bottles for a water filter attached to the faucet?
Even while I am typing this report, I have more than 30 bottles of water in my house, all of which will be disposed of in the next 10 days or so. Here’s my vow, this year I will buy a water filter for my water faucet and give up my plastic bottles. $37. 85 Billion annual US revenue from Cruise Industry $1 5 Billion currently invested into building new ships Cruise ships producing unregulated or inadequately regulated waste are dumping their ‘grey water’ into our ocean’s fish tank with no repercussions. Some of our cruise ships carry more than 5,000 passengers and crew and can generate more than 1 1 million gallons of waste water every day.
Using those numbers and multiplying in the actual 20,335,000 annual number of cruise ship passengers, the estimated number of gallons of unregulated waste water a year dumped into the oceans is 44,737,000,000 and keep in mind, these numbers are from passengers booking cruises in the US alone! Big Money v/s Flipper Exxon Revenues were 2011 Florida either dead or dying. Greg Boasts, chief veterinary officer of the Georgia Aquarium, has studied dolphins for more than 30 years and says that this is the first time that he can recall 3 major environmental disturbances happening to a species at the same time.
What makes so many deaths disturbing, he said, is that if dolphins are unhealthy in our oceans we know our oceans are unhealthy, not unlike canaries in a coal mine. The first sign of trouble came from the Gulf of Mexico. A month before the 2010 Departed Horizon oil spill began; a few dead dolphins began gashing ashore along the Gulf Coast, possibly signifying that a leak had begun on the rig prior to the big blow out. Then, as the oil spill continued through the summer, the number of dead and dying dolphins increased dramatically, and some began washing ashore on Florida Panhandle beaches as far east as Apalachicola.
Some were premature newborns or stillborn dolphins. Some were coated with oil, and others were suffering from a bacterial infection called Bracelet, which scientists believe resulted from the oil suppressing the dolphins’ immune system. Now comes the latest threat: a moralities, similar to what causes measles in humans and steeper in dogs. So far it has killed more than 780 dolphins all along the eastern seaboard. The die-off began in the waters off New York and slowly moved southward, shifting to Virginia, then North Carolina, with the numbers dropping in the North and rising in the South.
In December 2013 it showed up in a dead dolphin that washed ashore in Florida, near Jacksonville, Mass said. Two more dolphins that stranded themselves in Bread County may have been victims as well. Tests are going on now to determine whether the virus killed them as well. Dolphins along the Atlantic coast re migratory creatures, and when the infected ones surface to breathe, they spread the virus to other dolphins through droplets sprayed out of their blowholes, Boasts said.
It can’t be contracted by humans, although NOAA recommends against touching any dolphins found washed ashore. This isn’t the first time a moralities has hit Florist’s dolphin population. From June 1988 to May 1989, 742 dolphins ? fewer than have died so far this year ? died off the Atlantic coast from moralities. Scientists estimated that during that epidemic, more than half the in-shore population of olefins had been wiped out. The sass dolphin die-off, the first to be attributed to moralities, began the same way as this one.
The first dead dolphins showed up around New York in the summer and then the epidemic made its way down the coast to Florida, persisting here until it ended at last the following spring. Based on that pattern, Mass said, a lot more Florida dolphins are likely to die before the illness dissipates sometime next May. As the migratory population moves southward the numbers in Florida are expected to increase. There is no antiviral vaccine to give the dolphins to stop the die-off. Scientists can only monitor what’s happening and hope to discern the cause.
To Boasts, what’s happening suggests that dolphins may be getting sick because the ocean around them is sick as well. The issue of marine litter is a common problem for coastal communities and other organizations throughout the world. Many studies and surveys employing many different methodologies have been done over the years to assess the problem. These studies have begun to address the problems of collecting data on the volumes, types, much less research and data available about the economic and social impacts of these substances.
In 2000, a team with KIM International presented the results of a 24 month project to investigate the economic and social impacts of marine litter on coastal communities. The report demonstrates the significant costs to coastal communities not previously acknowledged and demonstrates not only that polluters of the oceans are not being caught but that they are not being made to pay for their actions either. Crimes against nature are difficult to assess a cost factor to, but bringing people and companies to face their crimes could put an end to those particular individuals future use of discarding their trash into our marine environments.
Sea creatures who are quietly washing up on shores or falling to the sea floor where no one sees their final struggles to survive are simply too easy to ignore for the vast majority of us. What you can’t see may not kill you … At least not today, but the oceans are a powerful piece of life’s puzzle and cannot be replaced by any amount of money we humans can make. Although marine pollution has a long history, significant international laws to counter it were only enacted in the twentieth century. Marine pollution was a concern during several United Nations Conferences on the Law of the Sea beginning in the sass.
Most scientists believed that the oceans were so vast that they had unlimited ability to dilute, and thus render pollution, harmless. In the late sass and early sass, there were several controversies about dumping radioactive waste off the coasts of the United States by companies licensed by the Atomic Energy Commission , into the Irish Sea from the British reprocessing facility at Windscreen, and into the Mediterranean Sea by the French Commissariat a lingerie Automate. After the Mediterranean Sea controversy, for example, Jacques Acoustic became a worldwide figure in the campaign to stop marine pollution.
Marine pollution made rather international headlines after the 1967 crash of the oil tanker Torrent Canyon, and after the 1969 Santa Barbara oil spill off the coast of California. Marine pollution was a major area of discussion during the 1972 United Nations Conference on Human Environment, held in Stockholm. That year also saw the signing of the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Waste and Other Matter, sometimes called the London Convention. The London Convention did not ban marine pollution, but it established black and gray lists for substances to be banned (black) or regulated by national authorities (gray).
Cyanide and high-level radioactive waste, for example, were put on the black list. The London Convention applied only to waste dumped from ships, and thus did nothing to regulate waste discharged as liquids from pipelines. Proponents of dumping in the oceans even had a catchphrase: “The solution to pollution is dilution. ” Today, we need look no further than the New Jersey-size dead zone that forms each decomposing plastic in the northern Pacific Ocean to see that this “dilution” policy has helped place a once flourishing ocean ecosystem on the brink of collapse. What can be done to decrease the use of our oceans as our trash can?
We know that plastic wastes kill both directly and indirectly, and are responsible for adding tons of harmful chemicals to the oceans, but it’s not enough to simply adjust our lifestyles to mitigate the use of plastic. Changing the way we think about plastics will certainly help future generations, yet we still need ways to clean the trash out of the oceans and properly dispose of it. What can be done to decrease the clean up the current amount of trash in the world’s ocean and specifically the “Great Pacific Garbage Patch”? There are three primary obstacles to any effort proposed to clean up the
Great Pacific Garbage Patch: Distance: The patch is not near any port or supplies. A cleanup would consume unrealistic amounts of time, fuel and other resources. Photoengraving: This is the process by which sunlight degrades plastic. The sun’s rays essentially dry out the plastic to the point that it breaks into countless tiny pieces. These bits float as far down as 300 feet below the water’s surface, and no good method of picking them out of the water has been developed Cost: Any project that could overcome these challenges would be prohibitively expensive and would probably go bankrupt.
Rather than planning a cleanup, it seems that the more realistic option right now is to prevent the patch from spreading, and encourage recycling as much as possible. A 19-year-old named Banyan Slat, an Aerospace Engineering student at TU Delft has invented a plan that has won awards for its theory. Slat’s Ocean Cleanup Array concept combines long booms that float on the surface of the ocean with anchored processing platforms that can collect and separate plastic trash for removal and recycling.
The Ocean Cleanup Array project would place networks of booms around the various garbage patches, which would act to funnel the trash into processing littorals using the natural currents of the ocean. According to the website, the arrays could clean up a gyred in Just five years, and are capable of removing 7,250,000 tons of plastic waste from the oceans. Slat’s design came out of a school paper about the possibility of remediation of the ocean garbage patches, which went on to win numerous accolades, including Best Technical Design 2012 at the Delft University of Technology.
He developed the concept even further that year, and presented it at Deselect 2012. While this invention is still Just a concept, a non-profit was founded earlier this year, the Ocean Cleanup Foundation, which is working to take the development of the idea from the drawing board to the ocean. Right now, the Foundation needs financial backing to finish several feasibility studies and is looking for several people to help with the research. The plastics manufacturers are also making an effort to come to the aid of our oceans.
They have made a declaration in which they are taking some responsibility for the plastics in the ocean and are stating they will make efforts to work with governments to get the plastic litter situation under control. Declaration of the Global Plastics Associations for Solutions on Marine Litter states that Plastic materials deliver significant societal benefits, including energy and resource savings, consumer protection and innovations that improve health care, reduce food spoilage and improve quality of life.
For society to receive litter does not threaten our natural environment, including marine ecosystems. Investigations by marine scientists are highlighting the extent to which littered plastic and other materials are ending up as debris in our oceans and the consequences for the marine environment. The organizations below are firmly omitted to the principle that plastics do not belong in the world’s oceans and should not be littered plastics should be responsibly used, re-used, recycled and finally recovered for their energy value.
Plastic is present as debris in the marine environment as a result of poor or insufficient waste management, lack of sufficient recycling / recovery and bad practices such as land and marine litter. These are large and complex issues with societal and economic challenges, and are more than any single entity, industry, or government can solve. Building on work in individual regions, the undersigned organizations are coming together to work with governments, Nags, researchers and other stakeholders to prevent marine litter. Echelon the largest nuclear producer of energy in the US reported $4. B as their operating revenues for the first quarter of 2010. TOKYO headline news 2/20/14? About 100 tons of highly radioactive water leaked from one of the hundreds of storage tanks at the devastated Fuchsia nuclear plant, its operator said Thursday, calling the leak the worst spill at the plant in six months. Fish with deadly levels of radioactive cesium have been caught Just off the coast of Fuchsia prefecture, as scientists continue to assess the damage caused to the marine food chain by the 2011 nuclear disaster.
One of the samples of the 37 black sea bream specimens caught some 37 kilometers south of the crippled power plant tested at 12,400 Becquerel’s per kilogram of radioactive cesium, making it 124 times deadlier than the threshold considered safe for human consumption, Japan’s Fisheries Research Agency announced. The samples were caught at the mouth of the Individual river in Kaki, Fuchsia Prefecture, on November 17. Two other fish caught there also tested non-safe for human consumption, showing radiations levels of 426 and 197 Becquerel’s per logjam. The rest of the fish were reportedly within safety limits.
I could do an entire paper on Fuchsia alone, but will call it a day with these final words. Let’s tackle the left behind fishing gear, burn the Monsanto fields, bring specialized desalination plants (denude plants) into Japan to clean up their waters, encourage American’s to exercise and eat right so they can get off of their couches and prescription pills, stop using oil to run our vehicles and so put big oil out of business, outlaw the use of non reusable plastic anything, and take back our planet while there s still enough nature left that it is worth saving. And where do we get the funds to do that?