This generally involves borrowing characteristics from unman intelligence, and applying them as algorithms in a computer friendly way. Artificial intelligence had been advanced for such a long time and still progressing rapidly. Today, in our real life, we can easily meet artificial Intelligence everywhere. We are using artificial Intelligence In our dally life. Due to the progress of artificial intelligence there are lots of benefit . However, if there is benefit, there also can be demerits. There are many standpoints about artificial intelligence and about its future. . The meaning and definition of the Artificial Intelligence Artificial intelligence is the intellect that humans gave to the computers and robots. Or it can be defined as modeling of human thinking by computer. Intelligence is ability to not repeat same mistake, or ability to recognize the problem. These ablest are called learning ability, To give learning ability to computer, there have to be interactions between humans and computers. The interactions between them are achieved by computer language.
To save learned ability from humans, computers have to understand those data from humans. Artificial Intelligence Is handling highly difficult problems Like perfect knowledge, thinking, Judging, and memorization. So the complicated statistical calculating programs are not artificial intelligence, but the verification of hypothesis can apply to artificial intelligence. Verifying hypothesis is the technique that mastered through lots of experiences and discipline, so programming artificial Intelligence computer Is very hard.
Artificial intelligence is related with various academic areas like data progressing, psychology, philology, and engineering. Therefore artificial Intelligence gain great deal of new Ideas from diverse academic areas. 2. History of Artificial Intelligence The realization of the area about the Artificial Intelligence was in sass. Len the beginning, the study about Artificial Intelligence was very simple. But down the ages the study about the artificial intelligence progressed briskly, and these days the area of artificial intelligence is so extensive.
So today the technology of artificial intelligence advanced very delicately. Thinking machines and artificial beings appear In Greek myths, such as Talks of Crete, the bronze robot of Hyphenates, and Pygmalion Galatea. Human Likenesses believed to have Intelligence were built In very major civilization: animated cult images were worshipped in Egypt and Greece 1 OFF was also widely believed that artificial beings had been created by JГbirr bin HayГn, Judas Lowe and Paralegals.
By the 19th and 20th centuries, artificial beings had become a common feature in fiction, as in Mary Shelley Frankincense or Karee Cape’s R. IS. R. (Rostrum’s Universal Robots). Pamela McCormick argues that all of these are examples of an ancient urge, as she describes it, “to forge the gods”. Stories of these creatures and their fates discuss many of the same hopes, fears and ethical concerns that are presented by artificial intelligence. Mechanical or “formal” reasoning has been developed by philosophers and mathematicians since antiquity.
The study of logic led directly to the invention of the programmable digital electronic computer, based on the work of mathematician Alan Turing and others. Turing’s theory of computation suggested that a machine, by shuffling symbols as simple as “O” and “1 could simulate any conceivable act of mathematical deduction. This, along with concurrent discoveries in neurology, information theory and cybernetics, inspired a small group of researchers to begin to seriously consider the possibility of building an electronic brain.
The general problem of simulating (or creating) intelligence has been broken down into a number of specific sub-problems. These consist of particular traits or capabilities that researchers would like an intelligent system to display. The traits described below have received the most attention. Early AY researchers developed algorithms that imitated the step-by-step reasoning that humans use when they solve puzzles or make logical deductions.
By the late sass and ‘ass, AY research had also developed highly successful methods for dealing with uncertain or incomplete information, employing concepts from probability and economics. Also neural networks were being reconsidered as possible ways of achieving Artificial Intelligence. The sass’s introduced to its place in the corporate marketplace, and showed the technology had real life uses, ensuring it would be a key in the 21st century. 3. Use of Artificial Intelligence These days, the use of the artificial intelligence became very broad.
For example, the artificial intelligence technology can be used in natural language processing area for automatic translation. Artificial intelligence can also be used in expert system area to replace various specialists. In addition, artificial intelligence can be used for image recognizing, theorem proving and neural net system. Because of the use of the artificial intelligence in real life, the artificial intelligence robots can do the works, which in the past the experts did. So the time spending to complete the works and the mistake that can happen has cut down.
Also, the work that can be dangerous if human do can be replaced by computer so the accidents in industrial settings have been reduced. The military put AY based hardware to the test of war during Desert Storm. AY-based technologies were used in missile systems, heads-up-displays, and other advancements. AY has also made the transition to the home. With the popularity of the AY computer growing, the interest of the public has also grown. Applications for the Apple Macintosh and IBM compatible computer, such as voice and character recognition have become available.
Also AY technology has made technology, new advancements are becoming available. Inevitably Artificial Intelligence has, and will continue to affecting our lives. 4. The Pros and Cons Of Artificial Intelligence The good point of the artificial intelligence is that, it can make our life convenient. For example, from the use of the technology, because computer can do all the works that human have to do, we can solve time consuming problems or complicated problems much quicker and much easier.
It can also reduce mistakes and errors and help humans doing dangerous works. However there is also some weakness. First of all, because of the too much advanced technology, the works that people did in the past became computer’s work. Therefore most of the labor force needed for such works reduced, and be substituted with amputees or robots, so the unemployment rate can be increased. In present day, the experts even think that, someday in the future because of the too much advanced robots, our humans dominated by robots can be possible. 5.
Future Of Artificial Intelligence From sass till now, artificial intelligence had been developed on account of lots of scientist’s efforts. Due to the artificial intelligence, our life became much more comfortable and secure. Though there is also a bunch of weakness and rockiness that we have to solve from now on. Obviously, there would be limitations existing in using the artificial intelligence. But, if we strive to minimize weakness and maximize strength when using and developing artificial intelligence, in the future, there definitely would be quantum leap.
In summary, Artificial Intelligence has been developed constantly for a long time. To briefly define artificial intelligence, it means that, to make computers imitate humans intellectual ability. Artificial intelligence can be used in various fields such as natural language processing area, expert system area, video voice recognition, theorem proving, and neural net. Above these, artificial intelligence can also be put into averse industrial settings and do complicating and dangerous works for humans.
Artificial intelligence has some advantages and weakness. The advantages of artificial intelligence is that, because of replacement from humans to computers at workplace, the time needed for work can be shortened and the safety of the workplace can be increased. Meanwhile, the weakness of the artificial intelligence is that, humans tend to depend too much on the robots and computers. From now on, to efficiently develop the artificial intelligence, we humans have to try to maximize the merits and minimize the shortcomings of the technology.