After a few years personal computers were developed and now you can do things that you could never o before. This was all triggered by the first computer. During 1945 John von Neumann wrote “First Draft of a Report on the ADVANCE” in which he outlined the architecture of a stored-program computer. Electronic storage of programming information and data, eliminate the need for the more clumsy methods of programming, such as punched paper tape; a concept that had characterized mainstream computer development since 1945.
Hungarian-born von Neumann monstrance prodigious expertise in hydrodynamics, ballistics, meteorology, game theory, statistics and the use of mechanical deices for computation. After the war, he concentrated on the development of Princess’s Institute for Advanced Studies computer and its copies around the world. In February of 1946, the public got its first glimpse of the MANIAC, a machine built by John Macaulay and J. Presser Cocker that improved 1,000 times on the speed of its contemporaries.
Start of project: 1943 Completed: 1 946 Programmed: plug board and switches Speed: 5,000 operations per second Input/output: cards, lights, switches, plugs Floor space: 1,000 square feet Project leaders: John Macaulay and J. Presser Cocker have on Modern Society: More specifically there are four points I will be looking at and these are Employment, Life Style, Privacy and civil liberties. Employment I. T. Has affected both the employer and employee severely in good and bad ways through out the years.
Now work is more effective but the unemployment rate has increase due to the fact that robots and machines can do the work more efficiently than the average person. If you look at supermarkets every single product has a bar code, the creation of this has made the checking, buying and selling of the products much easier than before. Obviously with use of the barded reader you can now check the price of any product automatically without the need of physically checking it.
In shoe factories where people used to make the shoes with their bare hands, now there are machines that do the work without the presence of anybody there. With the development of I. T. , not only people have lost their Jobs but also new Jobs and arrears have been created, for example the computer engineering career could not possibly exist before the creation of computers, but now with that career there are thousands of Job possibilities.
Another example is that soon the stock market is going to be replaced by computers instead of stock runners and brokers because the calculations will be done faster and in more efficient way. With time robotics and machinery will keep up replacing people in any calculations or dangerous situations. Home workers on the other hand are going to access a whole new world of possibilities for doing their work. Life Style The life style of the human race has improved in various ways. I will start with the basics. Television was probably the most important creation after sliced bread.
First it was black and white TV with very few channels to watch, now a days you have satellite and cable TV with a large variety of channels, all with color and high resolutions. Television is only one example of these developments. I. T. Has affected society and its life style in various ways. Language has changed, for example we now use words like chatting I the computer, and terms you would have never heard before. Communication has developed as well. Now with the internet you can communicate in a much faster and efficient way, the e-mail.
With this system you can now send messages all over the world in a matter of seconds. Unlike written messages and letters, you can now type faster and communicate each day with the person you want to, with written letters communication could take months. Advantages, it also includes a series of disadvantages. Before the development of personal computers and games, people used to go outside and play physical games involving physical activity. Now people Just stand in front of a television and enjoy themselves on their own.
People are lonely now, and there are people who wont even bother to go outside and make friends. Technology and I. T. Have made people lonely and insecure. Privacy Personal lives of people are now not as private as they used to be. Anyone can now just go on to the world wide web, and look up somebody’s life an disturb it. You can find all the personal information in a database and get all the information of a person (income, address, phone number). Criminals can even tap your phone lines ND follow all the moves that somebody makes.
In 1984 a Data Protection Act, was created to stop the misuse of personal data held on computers. More and more personal information is stored on computer systems in formats that could be accessed and used in unauthorized ways. The Data Protection Act protects the individuals in the following way: -Any organization holding personal information has to register with the Act, when they register they have to explain what kind of information they are going to store. -The data held must have been obtained legally and only used for the sated purpose.
The data must be accurate and up to date. The data must be deleted when it has been dealt with. -The data must be protected from any unauthorized access and it cannot be given to any other organization. -In most of the cases the person has the right to see the information that is being kept about them, if this is inaccurate or wrong the person has the right to demand corrections, but if this information has caused personal damage they have the right to sue. Civil Liberties In my opinion I. T. Hasn’t affected civil liberties directly but it has democratic them.