The World Wide Web (Chapter 5)

ARPANET
Created by the Department of Defense to connect computers to send emails
Mosaic
First web browser created by the University of Illinois
Web page
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) document
HTML tags
Codes that define the web page
Web site
A collection of web pages
World wide web consortium
Consists of hundreds of organizations and experts that work together to write web standards
Browser
An application that helps you communicate. access and share information on the web
Hyperlinks
Clickable words/graphics that moves you from one page to another
Uniform Resource Locator
Web page address that identifies that page on the web
Phishing
The use of emails that look legitimate to get sensitive data
Pharming
When the server is hacked and used to reroute traffic to a fake website to get personal info
Hacked
When a computer has been taken over by an unauthorized user
Microbrowser
A browser especially designed for small screens
Plug-in
A software that is added on to an existing application to provide additional features to a program
eXtensible Markup Language
Provides a way to classify the contents of a web page making it easier to organize
Databases
Organized collection of data
Static web publishing
A way to display data from a web database using the databases report utility to convert the report into an HTML document that a browser can display
Dynamic web publishing
A way to display data from a web database by creating web pages on demand, retrieving the most current data at the moment it is requested
Script/HTML
A set of program instructions to make web pages interactive
Server side script
Script that runs on a server rather than a computer
Client side script
Script that runs on a local computer
Search engine
Locates relevant web pages
Web crawler
Automated program that uses hyperlinks to jump between Web pages, collecting data as it goes
Indexing utility
Part of the search engine that receives data from a web crawler then compiles it into an organized list of keywords
Query processor
Looks for your search criteria in the indexed database then displays the list of results as URLs with corresponding info
Keywords
One or more words that describe what you’re looking for
Hits
Links to web pages that match your criteria
Wildcard character
A symbol/character such as the asterisk added to a keyword to search for derivation of a word
Boolean operator
Word or symbol that identifies the relationship between keywords
Web master
Person who maintains a web site and can manually submit URLs to a search engine
Search engine optimization
Used to improve page ranking
Link popularity
Pages with links to popular web sites get higher ratings
Meta keywords
Words entered into the header section of the web page when it’s created
Keyword stuffing
Web site operators to move their sites to the tops of the result list by manipulating meta keywords
Encryption
Process of temporarily scrambling data so it’s not readable until it’s decrypted
HTTPS
Secure hypertext transfer protocol; makes a secure connection to your computer
Digital certificate
Verifies the identity of a person/organization
Click through rate
Number of times visitors click the ad
Cookie
Small data file that sometimes installed by pop up and banner ads
Helper application
Software added to a browser to extend capabilites
Domain name
Character based name for web sites internet Protocol
IP address
Unique numeric address for each network and device on the internet
Domain name system
Worldwide database for all internet domain named associated with Internet Service Providers
Domain name servers
A computer/server that stores domain names on the internet
Top level domains
The letters following the dot in the domain name when you visit a web site
Content aggregater site
Web site that gathers, organizes, and distributes web content
Webmail
Provides a web page for email, which you access via browser
Wiki
Collaborative web site where groups can modify content
Blog
Short for web blog, is a web page listing journal entries that provide commentary and info
Social networking
Form of social media that lets you share opinions, pics/videos and ideas
File sharing sites
Lets you post photos, music and media on site
Web applications
Applications that are on a server on the internet and run through browser
Application service providers
Provide software based services over the internet
Productivity applications
helps accomplish tasks like creating a document
Electronic commerce
Purchase of physical products and intangible products online
Business to consumer
Business provides goods and services to customers they usually ship the goods via post service and commercial service
Consumer to consumer
Consumer provides goods and services to other consumers
Business to business
Transfer of goods, services and info to other businesses
Secure electronic transaction
Standard protocol for securing credit card transaction over the internet
Transport layer security
Technology used to encrypt data that helps protect consumers/businesses
Digital/electronic wallet
Stores the payment information you enter when you finalize the purchase
Online investing
Managing stocks and other securities online
Aggregate sites
Specialization in collecting/organizing data from consumer websites
Near field communication
short range wireless tech that works with frequency identification
Radio frequency identification
Wireless tech used for tagging and tracking objects across the internet
Internet of things
Premise that all objects can be tagged, tracked, and monitored