Us Government

Direct
This form of democracy exists where the
will of the people is translated into policy directly by the people themselves, at mass meetings or gatherings.
Indirect
This form of democracy is more of a “representative democracy”. A small group of people, who are elected by the masses to act as their representatives, decide on and influence public policy.
Autocracy
ruled by a single person
Oligarchy
ruled by a small group of people
Unitary
All powers held by the government
belong to a single, central agency.
Federal
Powers of gov’t are divided between a central government and several local governments.
Confederation
An alliance of independent states. None really exist in the modern world.
Presidential
Executive and Legislative branches
are separate and independent of each other. The president is chosen independently of the legislature, and possesses broad powers that are
not controlled by the legislative branch.
Parliamentary
The prime minister (leader) and his
cabinet (close trustees) are actual members of the legislative branch (Parliament). So, the executive in a Parliamentary system is chosen
by the legislature and is under its direct control.
Compromise
in order to find the process of blending and adjusting competing views and interest.
Free Enterprise System
the american economy system
Mixed Economy
an economy in which private enterprise exist in combination with a considerable amount of government regulation and promotion
Law of Supply and Demand
law states when supplies of good and services become plentiful, prices tend to drop
4 theories of government formation
the Force, The evolutionary, the divine right the social contract
Among the broad purposes of the United States government spelled out in the Preamble to the Constitution is the obligation to
provide for justice and peoples general welfare
Locke, Harrington, Hobbes, and Rousseau would most likely agree that
the states exist to serve the will of people (Social Contract)
The founding fathers of the united States established the country through social contract as a way to show Great Britain and King George III
those of royal birth have absolute authority to rule
A sovereign political unit is the
state
A federal government is one in which
power is divided between a central goernment and local governments
Which of the following statements is true of parliamentary government?
the legislature is subject to the) direct control of the executive
The individual 50 states lack which basic characteristic of a state?
sovereignty
The internet seems especially suited to satisfy which of these needs in a democracy?
to be informed (about the many different institution and policies of the government)
which of the following is among the characteristics of a state
all of the above
which of the following statements about sovereign states is NOT true
(a county or city is) considered sovereign because it is subordinate (to a larger form of government)
in a democracy, the will of the majority
cannot be used to deprive rights (to a member of a minority group)
all political powers in a state are concentrated at the central level under which form of government
unitary
which of the following is among the purposes of government outlined in the pramble to the constitution
all of the above
which statement about the social contract theory is NOT true
the state is a natural extension of (people’s) family structure
which of the following statements about the internet is FALSE
(the internet led to) widespread on-line voting (in the 2000 elections)