Color also evokes an emotional response, in which certain colors are associated with
particular feelings or concepts, such as the color ____ for assertive, powerful, sexy, and dangerous
Two child elements that share the same parent are referred to as ______ elements.
The amount of space between words is called ____.
Case 3-1
Art’s Woodworking Shop is trying to design a Web page with CSS. Art would like create the new design based on the latest elements and styles from HTML and CSS. He has created a few sample pages:
home.htm —describes the business and contact information
Product.htm —list of product descriptions
Custom.htm —list of custom products

The design applied to a Web site is usually a combination of several style sheets. Art has submitted three Web pages with style sheets. Art needs to remember the ____style sheet interpreted by the browser is the one built in to the browser itself.

A typeface in which a small ornamentation appears at the tail end of each
character is _____.
If two style rules have equal specificity, and thus equal importance, then the one that is defined _____ in the style sheet is the one used.
____ units express font size relative to the size of other objects within the Web page.
Adding all three primary colors-red, green and blue-at maximum intensity produces the color _____, while adding any two of the three primary colors at maximum intensity produces the trio of complementary colors—yellow, magenta, and cyan.
Many Web browsers now include _______ tools to allow page designers to
track each style back to its source.
Extending the first line of text to the left of the text block creates a ____ indent.
According to the text, which version of XHTML has yet to be released?
The doctype is used by ______, which are programs that examine document code to ensure that it meets all the syntax requirements of the specified language.
Case-Based Critical Thinking Questions

Case 1-1
Lucy wants to develop a Web page to display her information. She wants to just start with a basic page that lists her accomplishments, her work history, and the different computer classes she has taken. She would like each section clearly identified.

Lucy’s page will require at least ____ headings for what she wants to display.

A host that provides storage space for saving and retrieving files is called a _______.
file server
______ includes the blank spaces, tabs, and line breaks found within the file.
white space
A Web ____ makes a page available to users of the Web.
If an element contains text or another element, it is marked using a ______tag set in which an opening tag and a closing tag enclose the element content.
The document ______ is not displayed within the page, but is usually display in a browser’s title bar or on a browser tab.
Case-Based Critical Thinking Questions

Case 1-2
Ted is asked to create a page of family photos for his family reunion Web site. He will have about 20 pictures to post, with a caption that he wants to display before each one. Each picture is a group photo of a particular family.

Which tag will Ted need to use to display the pictures?

A ____ defines the size of the page and its elements as a percentage of the screen width, meaning that a Web page and its elements are wider on a wider screen.
fluid layout
To apply the styles to every element nested within the body element, the style rule uses a(n) ____ selector.
A popular design element is the ____, which consists of an enlarged initial letter in a body of text that drops down into the text body.
drop cap
If images overlap, the ____ images listed appear on top of subsequent images.
The ____ contains the content and padding as well as the box border.
border box
The style rule ____ applies a 10-pixel margin above and below every h1 element, and a 20-pixel margin to the left and right.
h1 {margin: 10px 20px;}
Browser extensions that are not part of the official CSS specifications can be identified through the use of a ____ that indicates the browser vendor that created and supports the property.
vendor prefix
Columns and column groups accept only four styles: border, background, ____, and visibility.
Cascading Style Sheets included support for Web tables starting with ____.
Data cells in a Web table are displayed using a ____ tag.
Text formatted with the

tag is displayed in a(n) ____ font.
With the frame value ____, a border is drawn only on the right-hand side of the table.
Given the syntax

, which of the following is a value for type?
With ____, you can apply the full range of CSS styles not available to columns and column groups.
By default, cell text is placed ____.
in the middle of the cell, aligned with the cell’s left edge
Spanning cells are created by inserting a ____ attribute in a


rowspan or colspan
If two borders have the same width but different styles, ____ borders have the highest priority.
Most Web designers use ____ pathnames in their hypertext links.
Two points define a rectangular hotspot: the ____ and the ____ corner.
upper-left, lower-right
A ____ specifies a precise location on the Web for a file.
A(n) ____ is a set of rules that governs how information is exchanged.
A(n) ____ links each page with the pages that follow and precede it.
linear structure
Case-Based Critical Thinking Questions

Case 2-1
Ryan’s Web Design wants to create a navigational menu using a picture that Ryan has created in MS Paint. The picture includes text names of the various Web sites for which he would like to create links. Each section of the picture he wants to make into links is not regularly shaped; instead they are more like trapezoids.

Ryan wants descriptive text to be displayed for each hotspot in non-graphical browsers. Which attribute should he use?

Map elements can be placed anywhere within the body of the Web page because they are not actually displayed by the browser, but used as references for mapping ____ to inline images.
To create a polygonal hotspot, you enter the coordinates for each ____ in the shape.
Which of the following absolute pathnames is interpreted as “the parks.htm file is in the extra folder, which is a subfolder of the /tutorial02/case1 folder”?
If the path and filename are left off the URL, the server returns the ____.
default home page
Which input type creates a field that is not viewable on the form?
type= “hidden”
Each control element in which the user can enter information is called a(n) ____.
To group option buttons so that selecting one deselects all of the others, you must make the ____ attribute the same.
Selection lists usually appear in a ____ box.
drop-down list
By default, the ____ tag displays one option from the selection list, along with a list arrow to view additional selection options.
A ____ should be used to provide visual indication that option buttons belong in the same group.
To create an action for a(n) ____ button, you have to write a script or program that runs automatically when the button is clicked.
To create a button that will allow a user to send the form data to the server, you use a type of ____.
The ____ attribute has two possible values: get and post.
Information entered into a field is called the field ____.
To make a check box selected by default, you add ____.
Text ____ are used for extended entries that can include several lines of text.
You can change the number of options displayed in a selection list by modifying the ____ attribute.
With the embed element, the width and height of the object are measured in ____.
For browsers that don’t support the HTML5 video element, to embed a video file, you can use the ____ element.
For her stereo-recorded audio interviews, Sadie should use the ____ file format.
Large sound and video files cause the most trouble for users with low-____ connections.
The ____ format synthesizes musical sounds by recording each note’s pitch, length, and volume.
____ is a proprietary audio format developed by Microsoft to compete with MP3s.
A(n) ____ clip should provide users with important information that cannot be conveyed in any other way.
There are ____ main file formats involved in creating a Flash video.
____ employs resusable software components that can be run from within a variety of Windows programs.
A(n) ____ file can provide real-time interactive animation for the viewer.
A conditional comment uses ____ to specify the condition for Internet Explorer.
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